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📒Tong Wars ✍ Scott D. Seligman
📝Tong Wars Book Synopsis : A mesmerizing true story of money, murder, gambling, prostitution, and opium in a "wild ramble around Chinatown in its darkest days." (The New Yorker) Nothing had worked. Not threats or negotiations, not shutting down the betting parlors or opium dens, not house-to-house searches or throwing Chinese offenders into prison. Not even executing them. The New York DA was running out of ideas and more people were dying every day as the weapons of choice evolved from hatchets and meat cleavers to pistols, automatic weapons, and even bombs. Welcome to New York City’s Chinatown in 1925. The Chinese in turn-of-the-last-century New York were mostly immigrant peasants and shopkeepers who worked as laundrymen, cigar makers, and domestics. They gravitated to lower Manhattan and lived as Chinese an existence as possible, their few diversions—gambling, opium, and prostitution—available but, sadly, illegal. It didn’t take long before one resourceful merchant saw a golden opportunity to feather his nest by positioning himself squarely between the vice dens and the police charged with shutting them down. Tong Wars is historical true crime set against the perfect landscape: Tammany-era New York City. Representatives of rival tongs (secret societies) corner the various markets of sin using admirably creative strategies. The city government was already corrupt from top to bottom, so once one tong began taxing the gambling dens and paying off the authorities, a rival, jealously eyeing its lucrative franchise, co-opted a local reformist group to help eliminate it. Pretty soon Chinese were slaughtering one another in the streets, inaugurating a succession of wars that raged for the next thirty years. Scott D. Seligman’s account roars through three decades of turmoil, with characters ranging from gangsters and drug lords to reformers and do-gooders to judges, prosecutors, cops, and pols of every stripe and color. A true story set in Prohibition-era Manhattan a generation after Gangs of New York, but fought on the very same turf. From the Hardcover edition.
📒Tong War ✍ James Rozhon
📝Tong War Book Synopsis : Tong War describes feuds between Chinese gangs that ended in the 1920s. However, one threatens to break out in Portland, Maine, and PI Melodie Chang is dragged into the middle of it. It doesn't help that she's five months pregnant and that her husband, Brad, is one of the targets of this new feud.Mike Wei is beating up people around town. Melodie will discover that every preconceived notion she has about tong wars will be wrong. She will discover things about her husband that might threaten her marriage. Mostly, she will need to discover the true reason that war has broken out in Portland before it threatens the life of her unborn baby.Into Melodie's world comes a girl named Sylvia and her baby, Johnny. Can Melodie save them before Wei kills both of them? Who is she and what does she have to do with everything that is happening? And why does she insist that Melodie's friend, Candy Howard, needs her?The case will end only when Melodie can answer all these questions. Still, one of them will die before she does and that death will transform not just Melodie but all of them.
📒Tong War ✍ Eng Ying Gong
📝Tong War Book Synopsis :
📒Asiatown Cleveland ✍ Alan F. Dutka
📝AsiaTown Cleveland Book Synopsis : For years, Cleveland's Chinese residents struggled to find a secure place in the city. Immigrants came with dreams of building a better life, but without English proficiency, prospects dimmed, and emigres often earned poor pay for long hours of strenuous work. In 1925, Cleveland police responded to an especially brutal outbreak of the tong war violence ravaging the community by arresting every Chinese person in the city, creating an international scandal. In spite of the anti-Asian sentiment of the time, the community persevered and paved the way for its current entrepreneurial success. Today, Clevelanders and tourists travel to the growing AsiaTown neighborhood to enjoy authentic Asian dinners, shop at Asian-owned stores and enjoy Asian-themed karaoke nights in newly built malls and century-old former residential homes. Alan F. Dutka vividly portrays one of the oldest and most culturally diverse neighborhoods in the city.
📒Days Of The Tong Wars ✍ C. Y. Lee
📝Days of the Tong Wars Book Synopsis :
📒The Crooked Ladder ✍ James M. O'Kane
📝The Crooked Ladder Book Synopsis : Ethnic organized crime is a phenomenon that has been largely ignored by social scientists and historians. "The Crooked Ladder" represents a groundbreaking attempt to describe how some members of ethnic minorities have utilized organized crime as one vehicle of upward mobility, advancing from lower-class status to middle-class power and respectability.
📒San Francisco S Chinatown ✍ Judy Yung
📝San Francisco s Chinatown Book Synopsis : An evocative collection of vintage photographs traces the history of San Francisco's Chinatown, the largest and oldest Chinese enclave outside of Asia, from the Gold Rush era to the present day, capturing the realities of everyday life, as well as the changes in the community, the challenges confronting the Chinese immigrants, and its rich cultural heritage. Original.
📒The Chinatown War ✍ Scott Zesch
📝The Chinatown War Book Synopsis : In October 1871, a simmering, small-scale turf war involving three Chinese gangs exploded into a riot that engulfed the small but growing town of Los Angeles. A large mob of white Angelenos, spurred by racial resentment, rampaged through the city and lynched some 18 people before order was restored. In The Chinatown War, Scott Zesch offers a compelling account of this little-known event, which ranks among the worst hate crimes in American history. The story begins in the 1850s, when the first wave of Chinese immigrants arrived in Los Angeles in the wake of the 1849 California gold rush. Upon arrival, these immigrants usually took up low-wage jobs, settled in the slum neighborhood of the Calle de los Negros, and joined one of a number of Chinese community associations. Though such associations provided job placement and other services to their members, they were also involved in extortion and illicit businesses, including prostitution. In 1870 the largest of these, the See-Yup Company, imploded in an acrimonious division. The violent succession battle that ensued, as well as the highly publicized torture of Chinese prostitute Sing-Ye, eventually provided the spark for the racially motivated riot that ripped through L.A. Zesch vividly evokes the figures and events in the See-Yup dispute, deftly situates the riot within its historical and political context, and illuminates the workings of the early Chinese-American community in Los Angeles, while simultaneously exploring issues that continue to trouble Americans today. Engaging and deeply researched, The Chinatown War above all delivers a riveting story of a dominant American city and the darker side of its early days that offers powerful insights for our own time.
📒The Most Evil Secret Societies In History ✍ Shelley Klein
📝The Most Evil Secret Societies in History Book Synopsis : "The Most Evil Secret Societies in History" examines fifteen of the most notorious organisations the world has ever seen. These are; The Illuminati, an ancient association dedicated to establishing a 'New World Order'; Argentum Astrum, a black magic order formed by Aleister Crowley in 1907; The Thule Society, an Aryan brotherhood behind the Nazis; Muti Magic, practitioners of ritual murder; Ku Klux Klan, an American white supremacist cadre; The Tongs, violent Chinese society linked to organised crime; Solar Temple, international suicide sect uncovered in the 1990s; The Hashishim, a murderous Muslem sect at the time of the Crusades; The Mau Mau, a ruthless tribal society in pre-Independence Kenya; Aum Shinrikyo - Japanese terrorist survivalists; Odessa, a Nazi organisation perpetuating the vendetta against the Jews; SPK, an anarchist terrorist group active in the 1960s and 70s; The Thugees, Indian devotees of Kali, the Goddess of Death; Camorra, a clandestine Italian network with Mafia links; and The Hell Fire Club, 18th Century English aristocrats dabbling in sex and politics.
📒Martian Wars ✍ Peter Worthington
📝Martian Wars Book Synopsis : In the short time since his escape from Earth, Zypson has managed to amass a formidable fleet of spaceships loyal to his cause. Severely outnumbered, the Earthling and Wetan allies have only one chance: they must attack Zypson's force and attempt to take them by surprise. Jon leads the attack...
📒Martian Wars Escape Is Possible Episode 2 ✍ Peter Worthington
📝Martian Wars Escape Is Possible Episode 2 Book Synopsis : After a fierce firefight inside the battle station, Li Tong, Jon and Miles manage to capture a Wetan Ravager, taking the brainwashed Laveena and Ibranov with them. They launch into space but make a dangerous decision to return to Mars to attack before returning to Earth. Things don’t go to plan... “Flight From Mars”, the third episode of Peter Worthington’s Martian Wars series, thrusts the Earthlings into a series of new and deadly challenges as they attempt to escape from Mars.
📝The Bradys and the Queen of the Highbinders Or The War of the Tongs and Leongs Book Synopsis :
📒Martian Wars ✍ Peter Worthingto
📝Martian Wars Book Synopsis : Jon's prototype spaceship has disappeared. He was forced to use the emergency on-board SPOM system to make a hasty retreat blasting through space, heading straight for the Kuiper Belt, and hundreds and thousands of meteors. Mark and Ryon are forced to fight the supporters of Zypson in an intense space battle around Charon, Pluto's moon. Meanwhile on the space station filled with Zypson's evil soldiers, Laveena and Miles have escaped capture. The two Earthlings need to find a way to communicate with Mark and Ryon or risk being captured again. Martian Wars: Demise continues the sci-fi series by Peter Worthington.
📒Chinese Mexicans ✍ Julia María Schiavone Camacho
📝Chinese Mexicans Book Synopsis : At the turn of the twentieth century, a wave of Chinese men made their way to the northern Mexican border state of Sonora to work and live. The ties--and families--these Mexicans and Chinese created led to the formation of a new cultural identity: Chinese Mexican. During the tumult of the Mexican Revolution of 1910, however, anti-Chinese sentiment ultimately led to mass expulsion of these people. Julia Maria Schiavone Camacho follows the community through the mid-twentieth century, across borders and oceans, to show how they fought for their place as Mexicans, both in Mexico and abroad. Tracing transnational geography, Schiavone Camacho explores how these men and women developed a strong sense of Mexican national identity while living abroad--in the United States, briefly, and then in southeast Asia where they created a hybrid community and taught their children about the Mexican homeland. Schiavone Camacho also addresses how Mexican women challenged their legal status after being stripped of Mexican citizenship because they married Chinese men. After repatriation in the 1930s-1960s, Chinese Mexican men and women, who had left Mexico with strong regional identities, now claimed national cultural belonging and Mexican identity in ways they had not before.
📒Martian Wars True Allegiances Episode 4 ✍ Peter Worthington
📝Martian Wars True Allegiances Episode 4 Book Synopsis : The Ravager that Jon, Li Tong and Miles captured is in serious trouble as it attempts to enter Earth’s atmosphere. On Earth, Marie is nervously watching her radars as the spaceship disappears. Fearing deception, Colonel Jones issues an order to attack the spaceship if it appears again. When it does appear, everyone is shocked at what they see. Peter Worthington’s Martian Wars series continues with the explosive fourth episode: “True Allegiances”.
📒Martian Wars Flight From Mars Episode 3 ✍ Peter Worthington
📝Martian Wars Flight From Mars Episode 3 Book Synopsis : After a fierce firefight inside the battle station, Li Tong, Jon and Miles manage to capture a Wetan Ravager, taking the brainwashed Laveena and Ibranov with them. Before they can get away from Mars, the Earthlings realise that two Wetan engineers are on board. They quickly detain them and launch into space. Soon after their escape they make a dangerous decision to return to Mars to attack the battle station before returning to Earth, but things don’t go to plan...
📒Beyond The Stars Stock Characters In American Popular Film ✍ Paul Loukides
📝Beyond the Stars Stock characters in American popular film Book Synopsis : Beyond the Stars contains 20 essays on stock characters, and character conventions which neatly divide into four categories: ethnic and racial stereotyping; social classis; professions; and the idiosyncratic type. Stock figures in American movies are part of our cultural heritage; they deserve an honored place in the literature of film and popular culture.
📒Twelve American Wars ✍ Eugene G. Windchy
📝Twelve American Wars Book Synopsis : Eugene G. Windchy, author of Tonkin Gulf (“Superb investigative reporting”—NY Times), lays bare the tricks, errors, and secret plans that have taken the American people into avoidable wars. Our nation's greatest catastrophe was the Civil War, in which more than 620,000 people died. The war began when Southerners fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. Windchy reports that the rebels had an opportunity to take the fort peacefully. Why did they open fire? We find out who made the final decision and why. World War I was a “war to make the world safe for democracy.” Instead, it gave birth to totalitarian Fascist and Communist regimes. World War II was a continuation of World War I, and that was followed by America's anti-Communist struggles in Korea and Vietnam. Today there are Communist countries with nuclear missiles aimed at American territory. We are still trying to cope with the effects of World War I, the greatest crime in modern history. How did the Great War begin? The history books tell us that it was sparked by an assassination. A young Serb shot an Austrian archduke, and Austria's retaliation on Serbia led to war between two great European alliances. Germany has received most of the blame for having promised to back up its Austrian ally. Twelve American Wars reveals that the archduke's assassination was a Serbian plot guided by Russian officials. The textbooks fail to mention that a month later there was another assassination. The silencing of a anti-war French politician covered up years of secret war planning by France and Russia. How did the United States get involved? One factor was the outrage provoked by the sinking of the huge passenger liner Lusitania, a British ship with Americans on board.Twelve American Wars presents overwhelming evidence that the British Admiralty, headed by Winston Churchill, deliberately put the Lusitania at risk, hoping to bring the United States into the war. Contrary to what we hear from Mexicans, the United States did not steal California from Mexico in the Mexican War of 1846 to 1848. Native Californians, called “Californios,” had expelled their last Mexican governor in 1845. Eugene Windchy's book is full of surprising facts. He believes that policy makers hoping to prevent war need to know the truth about our past wars, not just the politically acceptable stories in the textbooks.
📒The Chinese In Mexico 1882 1940 ✍ Robert Chao Romero
📝The Chinese in Mexico 1882 1940 Book Synopsis : An estimated 60,000 Chinese entered Mexico during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, constituting Mexico's second-largest foreign ethnic community at the time. The Chinese in Mexico provides a social history of Chinese immigration to and settlement in Mexico in the context of the global Chinese diaspora of the era. Robert Romero argues that Chinese immigrants turned to Mexico as a new land of economic opportunity after the passage of the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. As a consequence of this legislation, Romero claims, Chinese immigrants journeyed to Mexico in order to gain illicit entry into the United States and in search of employment opportunities within Mexico's developing economy. Romero details the development, after 1882, of the "Chinese transnational commercial orbit," a network encompassing China, Latin America, Canada, and the Caribbean, shaped and traveled by entrepreneurial Chinese pursuing commercial opportunities in human smuggling, labor contracting, wholesale merchandising, and small-scale trade. Romero's study is based on a wide array of Mexican and U.S. archival sources. It draws from such quantitative and qualitative sources as oral histories, census records, consular reports, INS interviews, and legal documents. Two sources, used for the first time in this kind of study, provide a comprehensive sociological and historical window into the lives of Chinese immigrants in Mexico during these years: the Chinese Exclusion Act case files of the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service and the 1930 Mexican municipal census manuscripts. From these documents, Romero crafts a vividly personal and compelling story of individual lives caught in an extensive network of early transnationalism.
📒The Columbia Guide To Asian American History ✍ Gary Y. Okihiro
📝The Columbia Guide to Asian American History Book Synopsis : Offering a rich and insightful road map of Asian American history as it has evolved over more than 200 years, this book marks the first systematic attempt to take stock of this field of study. It examines, comments, and questions the changing assumptions and contexts underlying the experiences and contributions of an incredibly diverse population of Americans. Arriving and settling in this nation as early as the 1790s, with American-born generations stretching back more than a century, Asian Americans have become an integral part of the American experience; this cleverly organized book marks the trajectory of that journey, offering researchers invaluable information and interpretation. • Part 1 offers a synoptic narrative history, a chronology, and a set of periodizations that reflect different ways of constructing the Asian American past. • Part 2 presents lucid discussions of historical debates—such as interpreting the anti-Chinese movement of the late 1800s and the underlying causes of Japanese American internment during World War II—and such emerging themes as transnationalism and women and gender issues. • Part 3 contains a historiographical essay and a wide-ranging compilation of book, film, and electronic resources for further study of core themes and groups, including Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, Hmong, Indian, Korean, Vietnamese, and others.
📒The Orsinni Contracts ✍ Bill Cariad
📝The Orsinni Contracts Book Synopsis : In the U.K… A top secret government project must beat the Russians in a race which will give the winner control of men's minds. Meanwhile the police hunt is on for a gruesome paedophile who mutilates his kills, and the death toll is rising! In Italy…Six children are abducted from Rome's streets on the same day. The carabiniere hunt for them uncovers a paedophile ring with unexpected connections. In America...The Hip Sing and Burning Hand tongs vie for supremacy of New York's Chinatown. In Italy... Maria Orsinni begins a journey towards her new life. It is a journey which will develop her martial arts talent and life-skills. It will also bring her into conflict with America's Mafia and its CIA, Chinese Triads, and killer paedophiles.