📒They Came Before Columbus ✍ Ivan Van Sertima

♠Book Title : They Came Before Columbus
✍Author : Ivan Van Sertima
♛Publisher : Random House Incorporated
♣Release Date : 1976
✿Pages : 288
♠ISBN : UOM:39015021647352
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝They Came Before Columbus Book Synopsis : Explorers' diaries and journals, carbon-14-dated sculptures, Arab documents and maps, and dated skeletons provide evidence for the pre-Columbia n presence in the Americas of black men and their influence on the Olmec, Mayan , and Aztec civilizations

♠Book Title : THEY CAME BEFORE COLUMBUS ILL
✍Author :
♛Publisher :
♣Release Date :
✿Pages :
♠ISBN : OCLC:969039164
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝THEY CAME BEFORE COLUMBUS ILL Book Synopsis :

📒Early America Revisited ✍ Ivan Van Sertima

♠Book Title : Early America Revisited
✍Author : Ivan Van Sertima
♛Publisher : Transaction Publishers
♣Release Date : 1998
✿Pages : 209
♠ISBN : 0765804638
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝Early America Revisited Book Synopsis : Early America Revisited is a vigorous defense and amplification of Ivan Van Sertima's classic work, They Came Before Columbus. The book makes a carefully balanced case for an African presence in America before Columbus' voyages. At the same time, the work in no way denies the importance of the Columbus voyages for opening up the New World to Europe, and hence changing the economic and political map of the world for all time. Van Sertima's critical cutting edge is that there is an anthropological and ethnographic dimension to the process of discovery, one in which black Africans of non-European origins played a central role. He marshals literary and pictorial evidence and shows its authenticity to be beyond question. The impact of these early discoveries is of far more than historical interest. They serve as a basis to examine anew the study of culture contacts between civilizations, and in so doing, offer a serious base to a multifaceted re-examination of earlier hypotheses of influences in both directions. Early America Revisited provides anthropological evidence about the physical presence of Africans in pre-Columbian America. It is also the study of how two peoples and cultures can lead to cross-fertilization. The borrowing of artifacts and ideas does not mean that the outsider is superior to the native, or that indigenous cultures are insignificant. Van Sertima contends that such relationships can be unpleasant as well as pleasant, conflictual as well as consensual. But, whatever the character of the interaction, its very existence merits awareness. This book is likely to engender disputes and disagreements. But there is no question that it will enrich the study of a wide range of subjects, from archaeology to anthropology, and result in profound changes in the reordering of historical priorities and pedagogy. It should be of wide interest to social scientists, historians, and all those for whom the question of race and culture is a central facet of their own work and lives. Jacqueline L. Patten Van Sertima, who is responsible for the photographic materials in this volume, has had her work exhibited at the Museum of the City of New York, the National Urban League, Columbia University, and many galleries across the country. Her publications include The Black Photographers Annual and Black Photographers.

📒Encyclopedia Of Black Studies ✍ Molefi Kete Asante

♠Book Title : Encyclopedia of Black Studies
✍Author : Molefi Kete Asante
♛Publisher : SAGE
♣Release Date : 2005
✿Pages : 531
♠ISBN : 076192762X
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝Encyclopedia of Black Studies Book Synopsis : Articles presents an analysis of the key individuals, events, and issues that are important to African Americans.

📒Paracritical Hinge ✍ Nathaniel Mackey

♠Book Title : Paracritical Hinge
✍Author : Nathaniel Mackey
♛Publisher : Univ of Wisconsin Press
♣Release Date : 2005-01
✿Pages : 382
♠ISBN : 0299204049
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝Paracritical Hinge Book Synopsis : Paracritical Hinge is a collection of varied yet interrelated pieces highlighting Nathaniel Mackey’s multifaceted work as writer and critic. It embraces topics ranging from Walt Whitman’s interest in phrenology to the marginalization of African American experiential writing; from Kamau Brathwaite’s "calibanistic" language practices to García Lorca’s flamenco aesthetic of duende and its continuing repercussions; from H.D.’s desert measure and coastal way of knowing to the altered spatial disposition of Miles Davis’s trumpet sound; from Robert Duncan’s Vietnam War poetry to the emancipatory potential of collaborative practices; from serial poetics to diasporic syncretism; from the lyric poem’s present-day predicaments to gnosticism. Offering illuminating commentary on these and other artists including Amiri Baraka, Mississippi Fred McDowell, Wilson Harris, Jack Spicer, John Coltrane, Jay Wright, and Bob Kaufman, Paracritical Hinge also sheds light on Mackey’s own work as a poet, fiction writer, and editor.

📒Egypt Revisited ✍ Ivan Van Sertima

♠Book Title : Egypt Revisited
✍Author : Ivan Van Sertima
♛Publisher : Transaction Publishers
♣Release Date : 1989-01-01
✿Pages : 441
♠ISBN : 0887387993
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝Egypt Revisited Book Synopsis : This volume represents a new departure in the examination of Egypt's place in the African context. It brings together the latest research of the 1980s on Nile Valley civilizations, what they achieved, and their impact on Africa and the world. The authors take an "Afrocentric" in contrast to a "Eurocentric" perspective in their studies of the birthplace of civilization. This volume includes sections on the race and origin of the ancient Egyptians, black dynasties and rulers, Egyptian science and philosophy, and great Egyptologists. It sheds new light on neglected aspects of history. Ivan Van Sertima is professor of African studies, Rutgers University, and editor of the Journal of African Civilizations. He is the author of They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence in Ancient America, winner of the Clarence L. Holte International Prize.

📒Lies My Teacher Told Me ✍ James W. Loewen

♠Book Title : Lies My Teacher Told Me
✍Author : James W. Loewen
♛Publisher : The New Press
♣Release Date : 2008-04-08
✿Pages : 444
♠ISBN : 9781595586537
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝Lies My Teacher Told Me Book Synopsis : Since its first publication in 1995, Lies My Teacher Told Me has gone on to win an American Book Award, the Oliver Cromwell Cox Award for Distinguished Anti-Racist Scholarship, and to sell over half a million copies in its various editions. What started out as a survey of the twelve leading American history textbooks has ended up being what the San Francisco Chronicle calls “an extremely convincing plea for truth in education.” In Lies My Teacher Told Me, James W. Loewen brings history alive in all its complexity and ambiguity. Beginning with pre-Columbian history and ranging over characters and events as diverse as Reconstruction, Helen Keller, the first Thanksgiving, and the Mai Lai massacre, Loewen offers an eye-opening critique of existing textbooks, and a wonderful retelling of American history as it should—and could—be taught to American students. This 10th anniversary edition features a handsome new cover and a new introduction by the author.

📒Before Columbus ✍ Don L. Wulffson

♠Book Title : Before Columbus
✍Author : Don L. Wulffson
♛Publisher : Twenty-First Century Books
♣Release Date : 2007-10-01
✿Pages : 128
♠ISBN : 9780822559788
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝Before Columbus Book Synopsis : Presents the archaeological evidence for and historical theories of the exploration of North America by numerous civilizations long before Columbus, discussing seven groups spanning 146 B.C. to 1492.

📒 ✍ Шломо Занд

♠Book Title :
✍Author : Шломо Занд
♛Publisher : Litres
♣Release Date : 2017-09-05
✿Pages : 1082
♠ISBN : 9785425094896
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝 Book Synopsis : В своей книге, за несколько месяцев ставшей мировым бестселлером, профессор Тель-Авивского университета Шломо Занд смело ломает статус-кво еврейской национальной историографии, ставя вопрос о существовании «вечного» еврейского народа. Опираясь на многочисленные труды еврейских и нееврейских историков XIX–XX веков, он убедительно показывает, что этот народ состоит из потомков прозелитов из Африки, Европы и России, объединенных общей мифологией.Читатель-скептик, прочитавший увлекательную книгу, сможет облегченно вздохнуть – законы истории не делают для евреев никаких исключений.

♠Book Title : Encyclopedia of Dubious Archaeology
✍Author : Kenneth L. Feder
♛Publisher : ABC-CLIO
♣Release Date : 2010
✿Pages : 292
♠ISBN : 9780313379185
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝Encyclopedia of Dubious Archaeology Book Synopsis : This book provides a fascinating, encyclopedic antidote for the mysticism and pseudoscience surrounding well-known or highly publicized archaeological and anthropological "discoveries." * 134 alphabetical entries of terms related to extraordinary archaeological claims, many related to popular frauds, misinterpretations, and misrepresentations of the human past * Contains 50 illustrations, including depictions of the Maya calendar day and month glyphs, ancient astronomical alignments, the sarcophagus lid of the Maya ruler Pacal, and the Ica Stones * Photographs of such monuments and artifacts as the pyramids at Giza, Serpent Mound, Nazca ground drawings, Tucson artifacts, Michigan Relics, and Easter Island Moai bring the topics to life * A comprehensive bibliography and further reading suggestions at the end of each entry feed further investigation

📒Readings From Reading ✍ Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe

♠Book Title : Readings from Reading
✍Author : Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe
♛Publisher : African Books Collective
♣Release Date : 2011
✿Pages : 236
♠ISBN : 9780955205019
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝Readings from Reading Book Synopsis : The essays here underscore Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe's continuing optimism about the possibilities of Africans constructing post-"Berlin-states" as the launch pad to transform the topography of the African renaissance. Readings from Reading is a timely publication, coming on the eve of the historic January 2011 referendum in south Sudan in which the people of the region will choose to vote to restore their national independence or get stuck hopelessly in the Sudan, the first of the "Berlin-states" that Africans tragically "inherited" in January 1956. Ekwe-Ekwe insists that the contemporary Africa state, imposed on Africans by a band of European conqueror states and currently run by what the author describes as a "shard of disreputable African regimes to exploit and despoil the continent's human and material resources," cannot serve African interests. The legacy, as this study demonstrates, has indeed been catastrophic: "The [African] overseers pushed the states into even deeper depths of genocidal and kakistocratic notoriety in the past 54 years as the grim examples of particularly Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Sudan ... depressingly underscore. 15 million Africans have been murdered by African-led regimes in these states and elsewhere in Africa since the Igbo genocide of 1977-1970." This is an engaging, incisive, wide-ranging and multidisciplinary discourse, salient features that have come to define Ekwe-Ekwe's groundbreaking scholarship of the past three decades. The author covers an assemblage of diverse topics and themes which include the Igbo genocide, the Jos massacres in central Nigeria, Umar Farouk Abdul Mutallab's failed attempt to blow up an incoming aircraft over Detroit on Christmas Day 2009, African presence in Britain, Robert Mugabe, Muammar Gaddafi, Obafemi Awolowo, Omar al-Bashir, Charles Taylor, Olusegun Obasanjo, Ali Mazrui, Andrew Young, the G8 and Africa, Africa "debt," African emigres' remittances to Africa, "sub-Sahara Africa," reparations to Africans, African representation on the UN Security Council, African choices for the Nobel Peace Prize, Africa and the International Criminal Court, Nigeria, Cote d'Ivoire, Kenya, the Sudan and the Congo, arms to Africa, arms-ban on Africa. Finally, on the subject of the restoration-of-independence, the key connecting thread that links all the visitations, Ekwe-Ekwe critically examines the contributions made variously on this cord by an impressive line up of some of the very best and brightest of African intellectuals: Achebe, Adichie, Cesaire, Damas, Coltrane, Diop, Equiano, Ngugu, Okigbo, Senghor."

📒Invented Knowledge ✍ Ronald H. Fritze

♠Book Title : Invented Knowledge
✍Author : Ronald H. Fritze
♛Publisher : Reaktion Books
♣Release Date : 2009-05-15
✿Pages : 272
♠ISBN : 9781861896742
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝Invented Knowledge Book Synopsis : This incredible exploration of the murky world of pseudo-history reveals the mix of proven facts, informed speculation, and pure fiction behind lost continents, ancient super-civilizations, and conspiratorial cover-ups—as well as the revisionist historical foundations of religions such as the Nation of Islam and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Drawing on the best scholarship available, Ronald H. Fritze shows that in spite of strong, mainstream historical evidence to the contrary, many of these ideas have proved durable and gained widespread acceptance. As the examples in Invented Knowledge reveal, pseudo-historians capitalize on and exploit anomalies in evidence to support their claims, rather than examining the preponderance of research as a whole.

♠Book Title : Guyanese Achievers USA Canada
✍Author : Vidur Dindayal
♛Publisher : Trafford Publishing
♣Release Date : 2011
✿Pages : 603
♠ISBN : 9781426958618
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝Guyanese Achievers USA Canada Book Synopsis : "Guyanese Achievers, USA and Canada" is the result of collaboration between Vidur Dindayal and the Guyanese diaspora, who shared with him its recommendations on whom to identify as examples of achievement. This volume chronicles Guyanese people who reflect their nation's rich multi-ethnic heritage. These people demonstrate that Guyanese have been successful in North America for a long time. For example, Sir James Douglas became the governor of the colony of Vancouver Island and later the colony of British Columbia in the 1850s. Today, he is considered the "father of British Columbia." For Guyanese, he is Guyana's "first gift to Canada." A statue of Sir James Douglas was unveiled in 2008 at his birthplace in Belmont, Mahaica. At the end of the first decade of the twenty-first century, the list of Guyanese who have been gifts to the United States and Canada is impressive. "Guyanese Achievers, USA and Canada" celebrates the academics, actors, doctors, educators, entrepreneurs, and others who, by demonstrating inventiveness and persistence, have been recognized as exemplars of Guyanese achievement in North America.

📒 ✍ Тур Хейердал

♠Book Title :
✍Author : Тур Хейердал
♛Publisher : Litres
♣Release Date : 2017-09-05
✿Pages :
♠ISBN : 9785457882348
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝 Book Synopsis : В авторском сборнике знаменитый путешественник на основе своих публикаций и докладов воссоздает историю происхождения древних культур.

♠Book Title : History of African Americans Exploring Diverse Roots
✍Author : Thomas J. Davis Ph.D.
♛Publisher : ABC-CLIO
♣Release Date : 2016-10-24
✿Pages : 271
♠ISBN : 9780313385414
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝History of African Americans Exploring Diverse Roots Book Synopsis : This rich cultural history of African Americans outlines their travails, triumphs, and achievements in negotiating individual and collective identities to overcome racism, slavery, and the legacies of these injustices from colonial times to the present. • Reveals the extent of anti-black racism in America • Examines black heritage in America from its colonial origins to the present • Highlights the contributions of African Americans throughout history • Illustrates the role of blacks in the American economy • Centers on African Americans in the development of American history

♠Book Title : African American Heritage
✍Author : David Adamo
♛Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
♣Release Date : 2001-07-02
✿Pages : 110
♠ISBN : 9781579106843
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝African American Heritage Book Synopsis : This book, originally published in 1985 by Texian Press, Waco, Texas, has now been updated and expanded.

📒White Athena ✍ Walter Slack

♠Book Title : White Athena
✍Author : Walter Slack
♛Publisher : iUniverse
♣Release Date : 2015-06-26
✿Pages : 592
♠ISBN : 9781491757895
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝White Athena Book Synopsis : Return to the fray of the Afrocentrist movement in the second volume of White Athena. Walter Slack follows up his first volume, which took to task those who claim that the Greeks and others stole their philosophy, science, and culture from black Africans—arguing that the world needs to give credit to the right people. This volume is much less a comparison of diverse philosophies and cosmologies, and much more an evaluation of claims regarding imagined imports of technical, cultural, religious, and practical artifacts. Slack examines numerous Afrocentrist claims, including that cultural tutors from black Africa roamed early Europe, Muslim Spain, and pre-Columbian Mesoamerica and even traveled to ancient China with all sorts of cultural, intellectual, and scientific contributions. The author concludes that most damaging to the credibility of Afrocentrists is their willingness to adopt any and every theory that supports their ideological thesis of African cultural supremacy—overtly or covertly—based upon race. Open your mind to an honest and impartial view of world history with White Athena, Volume 2.

♠Book Title : Encyclopedia of the African Diaspora
✍Author :
♛Publisher : ABC-CLIO
♣Release Date : 2008
✿Pages : 351
♠ISBN : 9781851097005
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝Encyclopedia of the African Diaspora Book Synopsis :

♠Book Title : The SAGE Encyclopedia of African Cultural Heritage in North America
✍Author : Mwalimu J. Shujaa
♛Publisher : SAGE Publications
♣Release Date : 2015-07-21
✿Pages : 992
♠ISBN : 9781506331690
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝The SAGE Encyclopedia of African Cultural Heritage in North America Book Synopsis : The Encyclopedia of African Cultural Heritage in North America provides an accessible ready reference on the retention and continuity of African culture within the United States. Our conceptual framework holds, first, that culture is a form of self-knowledge and knowledge about self in the world as transmitted from one person to another. Second, that African people continuously create their own cultural history as they move through time and space. Third, that African descended people living outside of Africa are also contributors to and participate in the creation of African cultural history. Entries focus on illuminating Africanisms (cultural retentions traceable to an African origin) and cultural continuities (ongoing practices and processes through which African culture continues to be created and formed). Thus, the focus is more culturally specific and less concerned with the broader transatlantic demographic, political and geographic issues that are the focus of similar recent reference works. We also focus less on biographies of individuals and political and economic ties and more on processes and manifestations of African cultural heritage and continuity. FEATURES: A two-volume A-to-Z work, available in a choice of print or electronic formats 350 signed entries, each concluding with Cross-references and Further Readings 150 figures and photos Front matter consisting of an Introduction and a Reader’s Guide organizing entries thematically to more easily guide users to related entries Signed articles concluding with cross-references

📒Black Heritage Sites ✍ Nancy C. Curtis

♠Book Title : Black Heritage Sites
✍Author : Nancy C. Curtis
♛Publisher : American Library Association
♣Release Date : 1996
✿Pages : 677
♠ISBN : 0838906435
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝Black Heritage Sites Book Synopsis : Lists historic sites related to African American history, organized geographically, and discusses the significance of each site

📒Black ✍ James M. Lamb

♠Book Title : BLACK
✍Author : James M. Lamb
♛Publisher : Author House
♣Release Date : 2013-11-08
✿Pages : 438
♠ISBN : 9781491823798
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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📝BLACK Book Synopsis : Rev. James Lamb has provided the Afro centric Spiritual community a tremendous literary historical-theological treatise. The psycho-social issues facing the African American community today have their roots in the legacy of white supremacy which has dominated Black life in all areas of human activity, including economics, education, entertainment, labor, law, politics, religion, sex and war. BLACK uncovers the historical legacy of this dehumanization process and provides the solution for the African American community to reclaim its African soul by restoring its memory of the Ancient Egyptian genius to address contemporary struggles of Black life in all areas of people activity, including economics, education, entertainment, labor, law, politics, religion, sex and war. Rev. Richard D. Bullard, ThM Senior Pastor of Grace Evangelical Baptist Church Pine Bluff, Arkansas “This book parallels the practice of religion and the history of African and African American culture. Rev. Lamb takes the reader on his lifelong journey of discovery and realizations of his morality and his responsibility as a man of the cloth. This book offers compelling dialogue that makes the reader reflect and search within for answers we should all seek for ourselves.” Garbo Hearne, Independent Bookseller, Pyramid Art, Books & Custom Framing BLACK: A clear straight forward historical and present day look into the complex world of Black people. From genius Empires displayed historically through slavery, Jim Crow, racial tension and Black on Black crimes; BLACK stands as a monument of practical resource information giving revelation of a great history. BLACK should be required reading in all educational institutions. Frazier Lamb Social Worker Department of Children Family Services State of Connecticut