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📒On Killing ✍ Dave Grossman
📝On Killing Book Synopsis : The good news is that most soldiers are loath to kill. But armies have developed sophisticated ways of overcoming this instinctive aversion. And contemporary civilian society, particularly the media, replicates the army's conditioning techniques, and, according to Lt. Col. Dave Grossman's thesis, is responsible for our rising rate of murder among the young. Upon its initial publication, ON KILLING was hailed as a landmark study of the techniques the military uses to overcome the powerful reluctance to kill, of how killing affects soldiers, and of the societal implications of escalating violence. Now, Grossman has updated this classic work to include information on 21st-century military conflicts, recent trends in crime, suicide bombings, school shootings, and more. The result is a work certain to be relevant and important for decades to come.
📝On Killing The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society Book Synopsis : The twentieth century, with its bloody world wars, revolutions, and genocides accounting for hundreds of millions dead, would seem to prove that human beings are incredibly vicious predators and that killing is as natural as eating. But Lieutenant Colonel Dave Grossman, a psychologist and U.S. Army Ranger, demonstrates this is not the case. The good news, according to Grossman - drawing on dozens of interviews, first-person reports, and historic studies of combat, ranging from Frederick the Great's battles in the eighteenth century through Vietnam - is that the vast majority of soldiers are loath to kill. In World War II, for instance, only 15 to 25 percent of combat infantry were willing to fire their rifles. The provocative news is that modern armies, using Pavlovian and operant conditioning, have learned how to overcome this reluctance. In Korea about 50 percent of combat infantry were willing to shoot, and in Vietnam the figure rose to over 90 percent. The bad news is that by conditioning soldiers to overcome their instinctive loathing of killing, we have drastically increased post-combat stress - witness the devastated psychological state of our Vietnam vets as compared with those from earlier wars. And the truly terrible news is that contemporary civilian society, particularly the media, replicates the army's conditioning techniques and - according to Grossman's controversial thesis - is responsible for our rising rates of murder and violence, particularly among the young. In the explosive last section of the book, he argues that high-body-count movies, television violence (both news and entertainment), and interactive point-and-shoot video games are dangerously similar to the training programs that dehumanize the enemy, desensitize soldiers to the psychological ramifications of killing, and make pulling the trigger an automatic response. About the Author: LT. COL. DAVE GROSSMAN, U.S. Army (Ret.) Director, Warrior Science Group, www.killology.com: Member, American Board for Certification in Homeland Security; Member, American College of Forensic Examiners Institute Lt. Col. Dave Grossman is an internationally recognized scholar, author, soldier, and speaker who is one of the world's foremost experts in the field of human aggression and the roots of violence and violent crime. Col. Grossman is a former West Point psychology professor, Professor of Military Science, and an Army Ranger who has combined his experiences to become the founder of a new field of scientific endeavor, which has been termed "killology." In this new field Col. Grossman has made revolutionary new contributions to our understanding of killing in war, the psychological costs of war, the root causes of the current "virus" of violent crime that is raging around the world, and the process of healing the victims of violence, in war and peace.
📒The Early Church On Killing ✍ Ronald J. Sider
📝The Early Church on Killing Book Synopsis : What did the early church believe about killing? What was its view on abortion? How did it approach capital punishment and war? Noted theologian and bestselling author Ron Sider lets the testimony of the early church speak in the first of a three-volume series on biblical peacemaking. This book provides in English translation all extant data directly relevant to the witness of the early church until Constantine on killing. Primarily, it draws data from early church writings, but other evidence, such as archaeological finds and Roman writings, is included. Sider taps into current evangelical interest in how the early church informs contemporary life while presenting a thorough, comprehensive treatment on topics of perennial concern. The book includes brief introductions to every Christian writer cited and explanatory notes on many specific texts.
📒On Killing ✍ Robert F. Jones
📝On Killing Book Synopsis : A controversial collection on the ethics of taking animal life.
📒On Killing And Innocence ✍ Tyler Patrick Wood
📝On Killing and Innocence Book Synopsis : Henry Fellows is number one on the FBI Most Wanted. Why? They say he killed his wealthy and well-respected parents in one of the most gruesome tales of crime in recent history. After being sentenced to death, he escaped and has been on the run for the last fifteen months. He's been alone and had his face surgically altered, keeping his head down, moving from one place to another in a life resembling a paranoid nightmare. It seems like things can't get worse, but when he finds out that he's being watched, he's even robbed of the ability to turn himself in. The fact is, Henry's innocent. The people that killed his parents are out there following him and he has no idea why. Before he can finally give up and give in, he needs answers. Henry recruits several former colleagues to aid in this task, people from his past in military intelligence. Fellows is gifted, clever, damaged, and edging his way toward full-blown insanity. When the rest of his family is kidnapped, it's a sprint to find the people responsible and bring them down. He'll face twists and double-crosses never before imagined; most importantly, he'll be forced to go back to his old, violent ways. It's a tale of one man's attempt to do the right thing in all the wrong ways.
📒On Killing With Kindness ✍ Steven Steyl
📝On Killing with Kindness Book Synopsis : This thesis develops and evaluates a novel account of pacifism rooted in Aristotelian virtue ethics. Chapter 1 consists of introductory material, introducing key distinctions and assumptions for the argument that follows. Chapter 2 begins by identifying a contingent moral commitment against killing as its subject, and then goes on to explicate the primary objection faced by pacifists: what I call the ‘impracticality objection.’ In doing so, it distills two conditions of adequacy for a virtue ethical account of pacifism, which guide the discussion to come. Chapter 3 lays out some fundamental aspects of Aristotelian virtue ethics, defining virtues, explaining their relation to right action, and giving a detailed analysis of practical wisdom, which is the first of two virtues this thesis concentrates on. Chapter 4 commences by looking at compassion, the second focal virtue, as an emotion, and examining Aristotle and Nussbaum’s necessary conditions for the emotion. It then superimposes these necessary conditions onto compassion as a virtue, and applies the virtue to the issue of drone warfare to see if compassion can deliver a robust argument for pacifism at the normative level. Next, in Chapter 5, it turns to recent work on drone warfare and the decapitation of terrorist groups to test the common assertion that drone warfare begets more violence than it prevents, and considers the role of counterfactuals in analyses of decapitation in order to evaluate their usefulness for the virtue ethical pacifist. Finally, in Chapter 6 it considers whether the emotion of regret may support may support a virtue ethical case for pacifism. In mounting this last argument, it argues that regret plays a crucial role in diminishing the moral permissibility of killing by spurring reflection and understanding of the causal mechanisms underlying terrorism.
📒Open Minded ✍ Jonathan Lear
📝Open Minded Book Synopsis : Explores the relationship between philosophers' and psychoanalysts' attempts to discover how man thinks and perceives himself
📒Jesus Christ On Killing ✍ Sgt Charlie Eipper
📝Jesus Christ on Killing Book Synopsis : Author Charlie Eipper pens a unique read discussing Christian self-defense. As a police officer with many years in law enforcement, Eipper includes an autobiography and speaks on engaging topics from a place of experience. Eipper reveals interesting backgrounds of Biblical leaders, inviting readers to gain insight on how the Bible unveils fascinating commentary on self-defense, Biblical heroism, violence and combat. Eipper's book is a great religious reference tool that also exposes readers to the social issues surrounding combat in a Biblical and non-Biblical context, while showcasing a contagious passion for the Word of God.
📒Defensive Killing ✍ Helen Frowe
📝Defensive Killing Book Synopsis : Most people believe that it is sometimes morally permissible for a person to use force to defend herself or others against harm. In Defensive Killing, Helen Frowe offers a detailed exploration of when and why the use of such force is permissible. She begins by considering the use of force between individuals, investigating both the circumstances under which an attacker forfeits her right not to be harmed, and the distinct question of when it is all-things-considered permissible to use force against an attacker. Frowe then extends this enquiry to war, defending the view that we should judge the ethics of killing in war by the moral rules that govern killing between individuals. She argues that this requires us to significantly revise our understanding of the moral status of non-combatants in war. Non-combatants who intentionally contribute to an unjust war forfeit their rights not to be harmed, such that they are morally liable to attack by combatants fighting a just war.
📒Killing Time ✍ John Hollway
📝Killing Time Book Synopsis : The wrongful conviction of an innocent death row inmate and his fight for exoneration.
📒Rethinking Serial Murder Spree Killing And Atrocities ✍ Robert Shanafelt
📝Rethinking Serial Murder Spree Killing and Atrocities Book Synopsis : Multiple killings by serial or spree killers and the mass violence seen in war crimes and other atrocities have typically been understood as discrete category types, which can foster the view that there are fundamentally different kinds of human beings, including "deviants" who are born evil and innately given to sadism or a callous lack of empathy. In contrast, this book considers the violence of these "deviants" in terms of larger questions about human violence. Therefore, in addition to describing the life histories of a sample of individual serial and spree murderers, the book includes analysis of macro-level phenomena such as genocide, mass rape and killing, and torture occurring under conditions of war, state authorization, or political upheaval. The chief claim of the book is that, given the "right" combination of factors occurring at different levels of analysis, virtually anyone can emerge as a killer or perpetrator of atrocities. While it is crucial to understand individual killers in terms of the details of their biographies, it is equally crucial to understand political atrocities in terms of the details of their histories; and to see that persons and groups are always the product of complexly interacting assemblage processes.
📝Killing in a Gray Area between Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Book Synopsis : Armed forces can be confronted with the problem of correctly classifying a targeted group as one that is or is not party to an armed conflict. In particular, this happens in a context of a high level of violence where a non-international armed conflict is (likely) occurring at the same time, such as in Iraq, Afghanistan, Brazil or Mexico. The difficulty of qualifying the targeted group leads to a legal uncertainty in which it is unclear whether an operation is governed by international humanitarian law or the international law of human rights. The problem is of particular interest when lethal force is resorted to, as killing might be illegal under one of the two branches. The book attempts to provide guidance on how this uncertainty can be overcome. In order to do so, the requirements to kill under IHL and human rights law are analyzed and compared, as well as assessed in concrete operations of the National Police of Colombia who face this problem on a regular basis.
📒Killing Pablo ✍ Mark Bowden
📝Killing Pablo Book Synopsis : The bestselling blockbusting story of how American Special Forces hunted down and assassinated the head of the world's biggest cocaine cartel. Killing Pablo charts the rise and spectacular fall of the Columbian drug lord, Pablo Escobar, the richest and most powerful criminal in history. The book exposes the massive illegal operation by covert US Special Forces and intelligence services to hunt down and assassinate Escobar. Killing Pablo combines the heart-stopping energy of a Tom Clancy techno-thriller and the stunning detail of award-winning investigative journalism. It is the most dramatic and detailed and account ever published of America's dirtiest clandestine war.
📝Somebody s killing the Jews Book Synopsis :
📒Kinship And Killing ✍ Katherine Wills Perlo
📝Kinship and Killing Book Synopsis : Through close readings of Jewish, Christian, Islamic, and Buddhist texts, Katherine Wills Perlo proves that our relationship with animals shapes religious doctrine, particularly through the tension between animal exploitation and the bonds of kinship. She pinpoints four different strategies for coping with this conflict. The first is aggression, in which a divinely conferred superiority or karma justifies animal usage. The second is evasion, which emphasizes benevolent aspects of the human-animal relationship within the exploitative structure, such as the image of Jesus as a "good shepherd." The third is defense, which acknowledges the problematic nature of killing, leading many religions to adopt a propitiation mechanism, such as apologizing for sacrifice. And the fourth is effective-defensive, which recognizes animal abuse as inherently unethical. As humans feel more empathy toward animals, Perlo finds that adherents revise their interpretations of religious texts. Preexisting ontologies, such as Christianity's changing God or Buddhism's principle of impermanence, along with advances in farming practices and technology, also encourage changes in treatment. As cultures begin to appreciate the different types of perception and consciousness experienced by nonhumans, definitions of reality become complicated and humans lean more toward unitary accounts of shared existence. These evolving attitudes exert a crucial influence on religious thought, Perlo argues, moving humans ever closer to a nonspeciesist world.
📒The Ethics Of Killing ✍ Jeff McMahan
📝The Ethics of Killing Book Synopsis : This magisterial work is the first comprehensive study of the ethics of killing, where the moral status of the individual killed is uncertain. Drawing on philosophical notions of personal identity and the immorality of killing, McMahan looks carefully at a host of practical issues, including abortion, infanticide, the killing of animals, assisted suicide, and euthanasia.
📝Moratorium on Killing of Polar Bears Book Synopsis :
📒A Butcher S Boy ✍ Mr. Barton Bauer
📝A Butcher s Boy Book Synopsis : "I killed my father. I did not know it then, but I know it now." Thus begins Bart Bauer's memoir and his struggle to come to terms with a decision made in 1994 that hastened his father's death. The 80-year-old author looks back over his growing-up years as the son of a small-town butcher. "I was a willing assistant to my father. Just about every day, we killed something to meet the needs of our customers. We slaughtered cattle in a one-room, unheated slaughterhouse. In winter, wearing blood-encrusted coveralls, we kept our hands warm handling steaming entrails. In summer, we worked bare-chested when scalding hogs." He recalls his father's passion for hunting fox and raccoon. And his dad's love for his dogs-and the tragedy that nearly occurred when a neighbor shot one of his beloved dogs. Now an old man, the author struggles with the mystery of death, thinks about the deaths of family members and how they died, and speculates on how he will die, questioning the existence of a hereafter.
📒The Killing Of The Tinkers ✍ Ken Bruen
📝The Killing of the Tinkers Book Synopsis : When Jack Taylor blew town at the end of The Guards his alcoholism was a distant memory and sober dreams of a new life in London were shining in his eyes. In the opening pages of The Killing of the Tinkers, Jack's back in Galway a year later with a new leather jacket on his back, a pack of smokes in his pocket, a few grams of coke in his waistband, and a pint of Guinness on his mind. So much for new beginnings. Before long he's sunk into his old patterns, lifting his head from the bar only every few days, appraising his surroundings for mere minutes and then descending deep into the alcoholic, drug-induced fugue he prefers to the real world. But a big gypsy walks into the bar one day during a moment of Jack's clarity and changes all that with a simple request. Jack knows the look in this man's eyes, a look of hopelessness mixed with resolve topped off with a quietly simmering rage; he's seen it in the mirror. Recognizing a kindred soul, Jack agrees to help him, knowing but not admitting that getting involved is going to lead to more bad than good. But in Jack Taylor's world bad and good are part and parcel of the same lost cause, and besides, no one ever accused Jack of having good sense. Ken Bruen wowed critics and readers alike when he introduced Jack Taylor in The Guards; he'll blow them away with The Killing of the Tinkers, a novel of gritty brilliance that cements Bruen's place among the greats of modern crime fiction.
📒The Sound Of One Hand Killing ✍ Teresa Solana
📝The Sound of One Hand Killing Book Synopsis : The director of an exclusive New Age meditation centre in a fancy Barcelona neighborhood is murdered, a case for twin detectives Borja and Eduard. The murder of a CIA agent simultaneously drags them into an international conspiracy that transports them to China and back. This hilarious mystery novel is a remorseless satire of those practicing pseudo-science and pseudo-spirituality.
📒Becoming Nonviolent Peacemakers ✍ Eli Sasaran McCarthy
📝Becoming Nonviolent Peacemakers Book Synopsis : Why do many U.S. residents, Catholics and Catholic leaders among them, too often fall short of adequately challenging the use of violence in U.S. policy? The opportunities and developments in approaches to peacemaking have been growing at a significant rate. However, violent methods continue to hold significant sway in U.S. policy and society as the commonly assumed way to "peace." Even when community organizers, policymakers, members of Catholic leadership, and academics sincerely search for alternatives to violence, they too often think about nonviolence as primarily a rule or a strategy. Catholic Social Teaching has been moving toward transcending the limits of these approaches, but it still has significant room for growth. In order to contribute to this growth and to impact U.S. policy, McCarthy draws on Jesus, Gandhi, Ghaffar Khan, and King to offer a virtue-based approach to nonviolent peacemaking with a corresponding set of core practices. This approach is also set in conversation with aspects of human rights discourse to increase its possible impact on U.S. policy. As a whole, Becoming Nonviolent Peacemakers offers an important challenge to contemporary accounts of peacemaking in the U.S.