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📒In Small Things Forgotten ✍ James Deetz
📝In Small Things Forgotten Book Synopsis : History is recorded in many ways. According to author James Deetz, the past can be seen most fully by studying the small things so often forgotten. Objects such as doorways, gravestones, musical instruments, and even shards of pottery fill in the cracks between large historical events and depict the intricacies of daily life. In his completely revised and expanded edition of In Small Things Forgotten, Deetz has added new sections that more fully acknowledge the presence of women and African Americans in Colonial America. New interpretations of archaeological finds detail how minorities influenced and were affected by the development of the Anglo-American tradition in the years following the settlers' arrival in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620. Among Deetz's observations: Subtle changes in building long before the Revolutionary War hinted at the growing independence of the American colonies and their desire to be less like the British. Records of estate auctions show that many households in Colonial America contained only one chair--underscoring the patriarchal nature of the early American family. All other members of the household sat on stools or the floor. The excavation of a tiny community of freed slaves in Massachusetts reveals evidence of the transplantation of African culture to North America. Simultaneously a study of American life and an explanation of how American life is studied, In Small Things Forgotten, through the everyday details of ordinary living, colorfully depicts a world hundreds of years in the past. From the Trade Paperback edition.
📒In Small Things Forgotten ✍ James Deetz
📝In small things forgotten Book Synopsis : History is recorded in many ways. According to author James Deetz, the past can be seen most fully by studying the small things so often forgotten. Objects such as doorways, gravestones, musical instruments, and even shards of pottery fill in the cracks between large historical events and depict the intricacies of daily life. In his completely revised and expanded edition of In Small Things Forgotten, Deetz has added new sections that more fully acknowledge the presence of women and African Americans in Colonial America. New interpretations of archaeological finds detail how minorities influenced and were affected by the development of the Anglo-American tradition in the years following the settlers' arrival in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620. Among Deetz's observations: Subtle changes in building long before the Revolutionary War hinted at the growing independence of the American colonies and their desire to be less like the British. Records of estate auctions show that many households in Colonial America contained only one chair--underscoring the patriarchal nature of the early American family. All other members of the household sat on stools or the floor. The excavation of a tiny community of freed slaves in Massachusetts reveals evidence of the transplantation of African culture to North America. Simultaneously a study of American life and an explanation of how American life is studied, In Small Things Forgotten, through the everyday details of ordinary living, colorfully depicts a world hundreds of years in the past.
📒Flowerdew Hundred ✍ James Deetz
📝Flowerdew Hundred Book Synopsis : Deetz’s Flowerdew Hundred is a synopsis of the result of twenty-five years of archaeological investigations at Flowerdew Hundred, a former plantation on the south side of the James River in Prince George County, Virginia. Throughout the work, Deetz conveys the importance of combining historiography and archaeology to a reach a better understanding of the past. This multidirectional approach is displayed as Deetz examines smoking-pipe stems, Colono-ware pottery, and post-in-ground buildings at Flowerdew. Through examining regional history of the Chesapeake, comparing the Flowerdew archaeological record with that along the eastern seaboard (particularly in regards to icehouses and pits), and looking at the architecture of Salem, South Africa, Deetz is able to construct a contextual history of Flowerdew in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. For archaeologists, amateurs, and the general public, the book simplistically relays the intertwining of history, archaeology and folk studies and, of course, reveals a glimpse into life on a Virginia plantation.
📒 ✍ Пол Каланити
📝 Book Synopsis : Пол Каланити – талантливый врач-нейрохирург, и он с таким же успехом мог бы стать талантливым писателем. Вы держите в руках его единственную книгу.Более десяти лет он учился на нейрохирурга и всего полтора года отделяли его от того, чтобы стать профессором. Он уже получал хорошие предложения работы, у него была молодая жена и совсем чуть-чуть оставалось до того, как они наконец-то начнут настоящую жизнь, которую столько лет откладывали на потом.Полу было всего 36 лет, когда смерть, с которой он боролся в операционной, постучалась к нему самому. Диагноз – рак легких, четвертая стадия – вмиг перечеркнул всего его планы.Кто, как не сам врач, лучше всего понимает, что ждет больного с таким диагнозом? Пол не опустил руки, он начал жить! Он много времени проводил с семьей, они с женой родили прекрасную дочку Кэди, реализовалась мечта всей его жизни – он начал писать книгу, и он стал профессором нейрохирургии.У ВАС В РУКАХ КНИГА ВЕЛИКОГО ПИСАТЕЛЯ, УСПЕВШЕГО НАПИСАТЬ ВСЕГО ОДНУ КНИГУ. ЭТУ КНИГУ!
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📒Historical Archaeologies Of Cognition ✍ James Symonds (Ph. D.)
📝Historical Archaeologies of Cognition Book Synopsis : This collection of essays draws inspiration from the late James Deetz's In Small Things Forgotten (1977). Deetz's seminal work broke new ground by using structuralist theory to show how artefacts reflected the 'worldviews' or ideologies of their makers and users, and went on to claim that the American colonial world had been structured according to a British intellectual blueprint, the so-called 'Georgian Order'. Thirty years on, this influential thesis has been substantially revised by more recent scholarship, but Deetz's central premise, that the systematic study of mundane material objects such as tombstones, architecture, and furniture, can render palpable the intangible aspects of human cognition and belief systems, has become a fundamental tenet of modern historical archaeology. Drawing upon James Deetz's insight that everyday objects from the recent past are 'freighted with social significance' and that material culture operates alongside language as a system of communication, the authors present a series of case studies which unravel specific cultural moments in well-documented historical periods across the modern world. The studies in this volume range in date from the early 17th century to the late 20th century and are unified by the way in which they employ theory from archaeology and anthropology to elucidate the complex links between human thought and action. The international authors make a significant contribution to archaeological knowledge through their ability to move beyond simple materialities to create human stories which transcend purely descriptive show-and-tell accounts of archaeological sites and allow taken-for-granted constructions of race, class and gender to be probed and challenged.
📒 ✍ Лоис Лоури
📝 Book Synopsis : «Дающий» – одно из самых заметных явлений в области детской литературы второй половины 20-го века, первый роман-антиутопия, написанный специально для подростков. В августе 2014 года на мировые экраны выходит фильм, снятый по мотивам книги. В ролях – Мерил Стрип и Джефф Бриджес. А в "Розовом жирафе" выходит новый тираж "Дающего" в новой обложке, а следом за ним – остальные части знаменитой тетралогии Лоис Лоури.Вот что пишет про эту книгу сама Лоис Лоури: «Я сделала так, чтобы уютный и безопасный мир Джонаса понравился читателю. Я выбросила из него всё, что не любила сама: насилие, бедность, предрассудки и несправедливость. Все мои персонажи вежливы и обходительны – ведь мне так нравятся эти качества в людях. Прекрасный мир! В этом мире даже не нужно мыть за собой посуду. Ах, как бы мне хотелось остановиться на этом!» Но идеальный мир невозможно построить в реальности, поэтому перед главным героем, обычным подростком, писательница поставила выбор: остаться в этом идеальном мире или отказаться от него, чтобы спасти себя и того, кого он, вопреки запретам, успел полюбить.В отличие от взрослых антиутопий Джорджа Оруэлла, Евгения Замятина или от подростковой «Зимней битвы» Жан-Клода Мурлевы, в «Дающем» нет внешней борьбы и насилия. Все открытия и вся борьба происходят во внутреннем мире Джонаса. Тем не менее, сюжет книги, с его неожиданными поворотами и беспощадными деталями, держит читателя в напряжении и ломает привычные стереотипы.Сразу после выхода в 1993 году роман вызвал огромное количество споров. «Дающий» даже попал в список книг, которые группы родителей пытались запретить: они считали, что с юными читателями нельзя говорить на такие серьезные темы. Но, несмотря на критику, книга вошла в школьную программу средних классов американской школы, получила множество престижных наград, включая медаль Ньюбери Американской библиотечной ассоциации. Ее суммарный тираж составил к настоящему моменту 5,5 миллионов экземпляров.
📒The Archaeology Of Medicine In The Greco Roman World ✍ Patricia A. Baker
📝The Archaeology of Medicine in the Greco Roman World Book Synopsis : This book teaches students and scholars of Greco-Roman medical history how to use and critically assess archaeological materials. Ancient medicine is a subject dominated by textual sources, yet there is a wealth of archaeological remains that can be used to broaden our understanding of medicine in the past. In order to use the information properly, this book explains how to ask questions of an archaeological nature, how to access different types of archaeological materials, and how to overcome problems the researcher might face. It also acts as an introduction to the archaeology of medicine for archaeologists interested in this aspect of their subject. Although the focus is on the Greco-Roman period, the methods and theories explained within the text can be applied to other periods in history. The areas covered include text as material culture, images, artifacts, spaces of medicine, and science and archaeology.
📒Life In Biblical Israel ✍ Philip J. King
📝Life in Biblical Israel Book Synopsis : A special edition of the Library of Ancient Israel is based on the latest research to provide an in-depth presentation of the land in ancient times from its domestic life and cultural traditions to its religious practices, in a volume complemented by more than 175 illustrations and photographs.
📒Dissenting Bodies ✍ Martha L. Finch
📝Dissenting Bodies Book Synopsis : For the Puritan separatists of seventeenth-century New England, "godliness," as manifested by the body, was the sign of election, and the body, with its material demands and metaphorical significance, became the axis upon which all colonial activity and religious meaning turned. Drawing on literature, documents, and critical studies of embodiment as practiced in the New England colonies, Martha L. Finch launches a fascinating investigation into the scientific, theological, and cultural conceptions of corporeality at a pivotal moment in Anglo-Protestant history. Not only were settlers forced to interact bodily with native populations and other "new world" communities, they also fought starvation and illness; were whipped, branded, hanged, and murdered; sang, prayed, and preached; engaged in sexual relations; and were baptized according to their faith. All these activities shaped the colonists' understanding of their existence and the godly principles of their young society. Finch focuses specifically on Plymouth Colony and those who endeavored to make visible what they believed to be God's divine will. Quakers, Indians, and others challenged these beliefs, and the constant struggle to survive, build cohesive communities, and regulate behavior forced further adjustments. Merging theological, medical, and other positions on corporeality with testimonies on colonial life, Finch brilliantly complicates our encounter with early Puritan New England.
📒Beyond Labor S Veil ✍ Robert E. Weir
📝Beyond Labor s Veil Book Synopsis :
📒The Oxford Handbook Of The History Of Consumption ✍ Frank Trentmann
📝The Oxford Handbook of the History of Consumption Book Synopsis : The Oxford Handbook of the History of Consumption offers a timely overview of how our understanding of consumption in history has changed in the last generation.
📒Research Methods For History ✍ Simon Gunn
📝Research Methods for History Book Synopsis : The first guide to the sources, techniques and concepts needed for effective historical research. While historians have become increasingly sensitive to social and cultural theory since the 1980s, the actual methods by which research is carried out in History have been largely taken for granted. Research Methods for History encourages those researching the past to think creatively about the wide range of methods currently in use, to understand how these methods are used and what historical insights they can provide.The book covers sources and methods that are well-established in History, such as archival research, together with those that are less widely known. The themes of the different chapters have been selected to reflect recent trends in the subject. Even with more established methods, however, the aim is to present new insights and perspectives and to open researchers' minds to new methodological possibilities.
📒The Making Of Home ✍ Judith Flanders
📝The Making of Home Book Synopsis : The idea that 'home' is a special place, a separate place, a place where we can be our true selves, is so obvious to us today that we barely pause to think about it. But, as Judith Flanders shows in this revealing book, 'home' is a relatively new concept. When in 1900 Dorothy assured the citizens of Oz that 'There is no place like home', she was expressing a view that was a culmination of 300 years of economic, physical and emotional change. In The Making of Home, Flanders traces the evolution of the house across northern Europe and America from the sixteenth to the early twentieth century, and paints a striking picture of how the homes we know today differ from homes through history. The transformation of houses into homes, she argues, was not a private matter, but an essential ingredient in the rise of capitalism and the birth of the Industrial Revolution. Without 'home', the modern world as we know it would not exist, and as Flanders charts the development of ordinary household objects - from cutlery, chairs and curtains, to fitted kitchens, plumbing and windows - she also peels back the myths that surround some of our most basic assumptions, including our entire notion of what it is that makes a family. As full of fascinating detail as her previous bestsellers, The Making of Home is also a book teeming with original and provocative ideas.
📒The Impact Of Buddhism On Chinese Material Culture ✍ John Kieschnick
📝The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture Book Synopsis : Buddhism had a profound effect not only on Chinese philosophy and ritual, but also on the material culture of China. Examining the impact of books, bridges, sugar, tea and the chair, amongst other things, this text looks at how attitudes to such novelties affected the history of Chinese Buddhism.
📒Traditional Buildings ✍ Allen Noble
📝Traditional Buildings Book Synopsis : Based on a lifelong professional and personal interest, "Traditional Buildings" presents a unique survey of vernacular architecture across the globe. The reader is taken on a fascinating tour of traditional building around the world, which includes the loess cave homes of central China, the stilt houses on the shores of Dahomey, the housebarns of Europe and North America, the wind towers of Iran, the Bohio houses of the Arawak Indians of the Caribbean, and much more. Professor's Noble's extensive travels have allowed him to examine many of the building at close quarters and the richly illustrated text includes photographs from his personal collection. With its comprehensive and detailed bibliography, the work will be welcomed by experts and non-specialists alike.
📒Women In Antiquity ✍ Sarah Milledge Nelson
📝Women in Antiquity Book Synopsis : Archaeology is one of our most powerful sources of new information about the past, about the lives of our ancient and not-so-ancient ancestors. The contributors to Women in Antiquity consider the theoretical problems involved in discerning what the archaeological evidence tells us about gender roles in antiquity. The book includes chapters on the history of gender research, historical texts, mortuary analysis, household remains, hierarchy, and ethnoarchaeology, with each chapter teasing out the inherent difficulty in interpreting ancient evidence as well as the promise of new understanding. Women in Antiquity offers a fresh, accessible account of how we might grasp the ways in which sexual roles and identities shaped the past.
📒Between Two Worlds ✍ Malcolm Gaskill
📝Between Two Worlds Book Synopsis : Between Two Worlds is a story teeming with people on the move, making decisions, indulging or resisting their desires and dreams. In the seventeenth century a quarter of a million men, women, and children left England's shores for America. Some were explorers and merchants, others soldiers and missionaries; many were fugitives from poverty and persecution. All, in their own way, were adventurers, risking their lives and fortunes to make something of themselves overseas. They irrevocably changed the land and indigenous peoples they encountered - and their new world changed them. But that was only half the story. The plantations established from Maine to the Caribbean needed support at home, especially royal endorsement and money, which made adventurers of English monarchs and investors too. Attitudes to America were crucial, and evolved as the colonies grew in size, prosperity, and self-confidence. Meanwhile, for those who had crossed the ocean, America forced people to rethink the country in which they had been raised, and to which they remained attached after emigration. In tandem with new ideas about the New World, migrants pondered their English mother country's traditions and achievements, its problems and its uncertain future in an age of war and revolution. Using hundreds of letters, journals, reports, pamphlets and contemporary books, Between Two Worlds recreates this fascinating transatlantic history - one which has often been neglected or misunderstood on both sides of the Atlantic in the centuries since.
📒Unbecoming British ✍ Kariann Akemi Yokota
📝Unbecoming British Book Synopsis : What can homespun cloth, stuffed birds, quince jelly, and ginseng reveal about the formation of early American national identity? In this wide-ranging and bold new interpretation of American history and its Founding Fathers, Kariann Akemi Yokota shows that political independence from Britain fueled anxieties among the Americans about their cultural inferiority and continuing dependence on the mother country. Caught between their desire to emulate the mother country and an awareness that they lived an ocean away on the periphery of the known world, they went to great lengths to convince themselves and others of their refinement. Taking a transnational approach to American history, Yokota examines a wealth of evidence from geography, the decorative arts, intellectual history, science, and technology to underscore that the process of "unbecoming British" was not an easy one. Indeed, the new nation struggled to define itself economically, politically, and culturally in what could be called America's postcolonial period. Out of this confusion of hope and exploitation, insecurity and vision, a uniquely American identity emerged.
📒The True Image ✍ Daniel W. Patterson
📝The True Image Book Synopsis : A thousand unique gravestones cluster around old Presbyterian churches in the piedmont of the two Carolinas and in central Pennsylvania. Most are the vulnerable legacy of three generations of the Bigham family, Scotch Irish stonecutters whose workshop near Charlotte created the earliest surviving art of British settlers in the region. In The True Image, Daniel Patterson documents the craftsmanship of this group and the current appearance of the stones. In two hundred of his photographs, he records these stones for future generations and compares their iconography and inscriptions with those of other early monuments in the United States, Northern Ireland, and Scotland. Combining his reading of the stones with historical records, previous scholarship, and rich oral lore, Patterson throws new light on the complex culture and experience of the Scotch Irish in America. In so doing, he explores the bright and the dark sides of how they coped with challenges such as backwoods conditions, religious upheavals, war, political conflicts, slavery, and land speculation. He shows that headstones, resting quietly in old graveyards, can reveal fresh insights into the character and history of an influential immigrant group.
📒The Archaeology Of Gender ✍ Diana diZerga Wall
📝The Archaeology of Gender Book Synopsis : Historical archaeologists often become so involved in their potsherd patterns they seldom have time or energy left to address the broader processes responsi ble for the material culture patterns they recognize. Some ofus haveurged our colleagues to use the historical record as a springboard from which to launch hypotheses with which to better understand the behavioral and cultural pro cesses responsible for the archaeological record. Toooften, this urging has re sulted in reports designed like a sandwich, having a slice of "historical back ground," followed by a totally different "archaeological record," and closed with a weevil-ridden slice of "interpretation" of questionable nutritive value for understanding the past. The reader is often left to wonder what the archae ological meat had to do with either slice of bread, since the connection be tween the documented history and the material culture is left to the reader's imagination, and the connection between the interpretation and the other disparate parts is tenuous at best. The plethora of stale archaeological sandwiches in the literature has re sulted at the methodological level from a too-narrow focus on the specific history and archaeology ofa site and the individuals involvedon it, rather than a focus on the explanation of broader processes of culture to which the actors and events at the site-specific level responded.