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📒Bowling Alone ✍ Robert D. Putnam
📝Bowling Alone Book Synopsis : Shows how changes in work, family structure, women's roles, and other factors have caused people to become increasingly disconnected from family, friends, neighbors, and democratic structures--and how they may reconnect.
📒Bowling Alone ✍ Robert D. Putnam
📝Bowling alone Book Synopsis : Shows how changes in work, family structure, age, women's roles, and other factors have caused people to become increasingly disconnected from family, friends, neighbors, and democratic structures--and how they may reconnect.
📒Bowling Alone ✍ Elizabeth Morrow
📝Bowling Alone Book Synopsis : American political scientist Robert Putnam wasn’t the first person to recognize that social capital – the relationships between people that allow communities to function well – is the grease that oils the wheels of society. But by publishing Bowling Alone, he moved the debate from one primarily concerned with family and individual relationships one that studied the social capital generated by people’s engagement with the civic life. Putnam drew heavily on the critical thinking skill of interpretation in shaping his work. He took fresh looks at the meaning of evidence that other scholars had made too many assumptions about, and was scrupulous in clarifying what his evidence was really saying. He found that strong social capital has the power to boost health, lower unemployment, and improve life in major ways. As such, any decrease in civic engagement could create serious consequences for society. Putnam’s interpretation of these issues led him to the understanding that if America is to thrive, its citizens must connect.
📒Judgment Under Uncertainty Heuristics And Biases ✍ Camille Morvan
📝Judgment under Uncertainty Heuristics and Biases Book Synopsis : Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman’s 1974 paper ‘Judgement Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases’ is a landmark in the history of psychology. Though a mere seven pages long, it has helped reshape the study of human rationality, and had a particular impact on economics – where Tversky and Kahneman’s work helped shape the entirely new sub discipline of ‘behavioral economics.’ The paper investigates human decision-making, specifically what human brains tend to do when we are forced to deal with uncertainty or complexity. Based on experiments carried out with volunteers, Tversky and Kahneman discovered that humans make predictable errors of judgement when forced to deal with ambiguous evidence or make challenging decisions. These errors stem from ‘heuristics’ and ‘biases’ – mental shortcuts and assumptions that allow us to make swift, automatic decisions, often usefully and correctly, but occasionally to our detriment. The paper’s huge influence is due in no small part to its masterful use of high-level interpretative and analytical skills – expressed in Tversky and Kahneman’s concise and clear definitions of the basic heuristics and biases they discovered. Still providing the foundations of new work in the field 40 years later, the two psychologists’ definitions are a model of how good interpretation underpins incisive critical thinking.
📒Virtual Communities ✍ Felicia Wu Song
📝Virtual Communities Book Synopsis : Does contemporary Internet technology strengthen civic engagement and democratic practice? The recent surge in online community participation has become a cultural phenomenon enmeshed in ongoing debates about the health of American civil society. But observations about online communities often concentrate on ascertaining the true nature of community and democracy, typically rehearsing familiar communitarian and liberal perspectives. This book seeks to understand the technology on its own terms, focusing on how the technological and organizational configurations of online communities frame our contemporary beliefs and assumptions about community and the individual. It analyzes key structural features of thirty award-winning online community websites to show that while the values of individual autonomy, egalitarianism, and freedom of speech dominate the discursive content of these communities, the practical realities of online life are clearly marked by exclusivity and the demands of commercialization and corporate surveillance. Promises of social empowerment are framed within consumer and therapeutic frameworks that undermine their democratic efficacy. As a result, online communities fail to revolutionize the civic landscape because they create cultures of membership that epitomize the commodification of community and public life altogether.
📒Social Capital ✍ Scott L. McLean
📝Social Capital Book Synopsis : "Social Capital is an important crtique that should stimulate further analysis and dicussion of what constitutes community." — New Political Science "The reader emerges with a good sense of the gaps in Putnam's work- or more appropriately in the context of this book, the way in which the 'feelgood' factor of Putnam's work deserves critical analysis." —Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations This collection tackles the theme of isolation and the breakdown of mediating social institutions. It is, in part, a response to Robert Putnam's Bowling Alone as well as an attempt to create a broader idea of civil society. These original essays contribute to the examination of democratic theory and practice, exploring one of the most popular causes of this decline in public trust—social capital. These critical essays are written by specialists and scholars in American politics and American political thought. They utilize diverse methodologies—empirical and philosophical—and multiple perspectives to examine critically the social capital discourse and how it is related to political participation, civic engagement, and American democracy.
📝A critical evaluation of Robert Putnam s Bowling Alone America s declining Social Capital Book Synopsis : Essay from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: USA, grade: 1.0, Jacobs University Bremen gGmbH, course: Civic Networks & Social Capital, language: English, abstract: This paper critically evaluates Robert Putnam’s “Bowling Alone: America’s declining social capital”, published in 1995 in the Journal of Democracy, both empirically and theoretically. It counterchecks the empirical findings by Putnam based on data from the WorldValuesSurvey of 2006 and thereby also provides an updated view on Putnam's claim of declining social capital in the United States. Subsequentially Putnam's theory is put into contrast with and linked to works by Granovetter (1973), Dalton (2008); Fischer (2001); Fischer & Hout (2006); Stolle, Hooghe & Micheletti (2005); Kadushin (2004).
📒Bowling Alone ✍ Steven N. Durlauf
📝Bowling Alone Book Synopsis :
📝From Bowling Alone to Coffeeing Together A Reinvestigation of the Alleged Decline of Social Capital in the United States Book Synopsis : This study investigates trends in social capital in the United States. A fundamental aim of this study is to better understand American social capital trends by developing a more precise measure of social capital. Social capital is defined in terms of four dimensions: generalized trust, institutional trust, tolerance, and connectedness. The General Social Survey (GSS) from 1972 to 2002 is employed to assess trends in social capital in American society. Social capital trends vary not only by each dimension of social capital but also by generation (cohort). Age, period, and cohort (APC) analysis is employed to more closely scrutinize social capital patterns over the years. The APC analysis helps to disentangle age, period, and cohort effects in explaining levels of social capital over time. The total social capital trend, which is developed by combining all four dimensions of social capital, indicates levels of social capital are on the rebound. This study attempts to comprehend rising levels of social capital by proposing the notion of "lattes together" (in contrast to Putnam's thesis of "bowling alone") built on the concept of "third places" developed by Oldenburg. In American society, recently it appears that having a cup of coffee at third places has become one of the main American characters and social rituals.
📒Social Capital And The Latino Community ✍ Joy Hofer
📝Social capital and the Latino community Book Synopsis :
📒Disaffected Democracies ✍ Susan J. Pharr
📝Disaffected Democracies Book Synopsis : It is notable that as democracy replaces other forms of governing throughout the world, citizens of the most established and prosperous democracies increasingly report dissatisfaction and frustration with their governments. This volume examines why this is so.
📒Shopping For Meaningful Lives ✍ Bruce P. Rittenhouse
📝Shopping for Meaningful Lives Book Synopsis : Consumerism is a problem. It deforms individual character, our sense of obligation to one another, and our concern for future generations and the environment. Even in the aftermath of the worst economic downturn in seventy years, it remains a defining feature of Western cultures. But, beyond this assessment, neither Christian theologians and ethicists nor secular economists and sociologists have understood what drives consumerism or what can be done to counteract it. This is the problem that Bruce P. Rittenhouse solves in Shopping for Meaningful Lives. Dr. Rittenhouse analyzes economic, sociological, and psychological evidence to prove that consumers behave differently than the current theories predict. Dr. Rittenhouse shows that consumerism functions as a religion. It provides a means of assurance that an individual life is meaningful. Because we need this assurance to live out our everyday lives, consumerism takes precedence over whatever other values a person professes--unless a person can adopt a different way to secure the meaning of his or her life. This interpretation explains how consumers actually behave. From the perspective of Christian theology, consumerism is a wrong answer to a problem of human existence that should be answered by faith in Christ.
📒Subject To Debate ✍ Katha Pollitt
📝Subject to Debate Book Synopsis : Subject to Debate, Katha Pollitt's column in The Nation, has offered readers clear-eyed yet provocative observations on women, politics, and culture for more than seven years. Bringing together eighty-eight of her most astute essays on hot-button topics like abortion, affirmative action, and school vouchers, this selection displays the full range of her indefatigable wit and brilliance. Her stirring new Introduction offers a seasoned critique of feminism at the millennium and is a clarion call for renewed activism against social injustice. From the Trade Paperback edition.
📝BOWLING ALONE AMERICA S DECLINING SOCIAL CAPITAL AN INTERVIEW WITH ROBERT PUTNAM Book Synopsis :
📒The Oxford Handbook Of Classics In Public Policy And Administration ✍ Steven J. Balla
📝The Oxford Handbook of Classics in Public Policy and Administration Book Synopsis : This Handbook brings together a collection of leading international authors to reflect on the influence of central contributions, or classics, that have shaped the development of the field of public policy and administration. The Handbook reflects on a wide range of key contributions to the field, selected on the basis of their international and wider disciplinary impact. Focusing on classics that contributed significantly to the field over the second half of the 20th century, it offers insights into works that have explored aspects of the policy process, of particular features of bureaucracy, and of administrative and policy reforms. Each classic is discussed by a leading international scholars. They offer unique insights into the ways in which individual classics have been received in scholarly debates and disciplines, how classics have shaped evolving research agendas, and how the individual classics continue to shape contemporary scholarly debates. In doing so, this volume offers a novel approach towards considering the various central contributions to the field. The Handbook offers students of public policy and administration state-of-the-art insights into the enduring impact of key contributions to the field.
📒Bowling Together Or Bowling Alone ✍ Kevin Daniel Holt
📝Bowling Together Or Bowling Alone Book Synopsis : Continuation schools offer a high school diploma program to meet the needs of students 16 through 18 years of age who have not graduated from high school, are not exempt from compulsory school attendance, and are deemed at-risk of not completing their schooling. This paper includes a historical review of continuation high schools. The paper considers the political, economic, and social forces that have challenged continuation schools throughout the 20th century. This study's methodology consisted of gathering and analyzing qualitative data. These data derived from photographic activity and interviews with students attending a continuation high school, a student inquiry group discussion with students attending a comprehensive high school the same district, and a review of archival documents from the continuation high school. Perceptions of social capital were examined in terms of barriers and supports. Perceptions were compared between the continuation high school students and the comprehensive high school students. Common supports and barriers identified through the analysis of the qualitative data included: administration, caring relationships, computer lab, counselor, credits to graduate information, electives, family, friends, nutrition, office staff, personal choices, physical education, rewards/incentives, teachers, time, physical campus, and visual representations. A final section addressed areas for potential future research related to the presence of social capital as perceived through students attending a continuation high school. By using the lens of social capital to analyze the culture of a continuation high school, those interested improving the achievement levels of students in these settings may learn how to increase the degree of social capital in a specific setting.
📒Wounds That Will Not Heal ✍ Russell Nieli
📝Wounds That Will Not Heal Book Synopsis : Racial preference policies first came on the national scene as a response to black poverty and alienation in America as dramatically revealed in the destructive urban riots of the late 1960s. From the start, however, preference policies were controversial and were greeted by many, including many who had fought the good fight against segregation and Jim Crow to further a color-blind justice, with a sense of outrage and deep betrayal. In the more than forty years that preference policies have been with us little has changed in terms of public opinion, as polls indicate that a majority of Americans continue to oppose such policies, often with great intensity. In Wounds That Will Not Heal political theorist Russell K. Nieli surveys some of the more important social science research on racial preference policies over the past two decades, much of which, he shows, undermines the central claims of preference policy supporters. The mere fact that preference policies have to be referred to through an elaborate system of euphemisms and code words— "affirmative action," "diversity," "goals and timetables," "race sensitive admissions"— tells us something, Nieli argues, about their widespread unpopularity, their tendency to reinforce negative stereotypes about their intended beneficiaries, and their incompatibility with core principles of American justice. Nieli concludes with an impassioned plea to refocus our public attention on the "truly disadvantaged" African American population in our nation's urban centers—the people for whom affirmative action policies were initially instituted but whose interests, Nieli charges, were soon forgotten as the fruits of the policies were hijacked by members of the black and Hispanic middle class. Few will be able to read this book without at least questioning the wisdom of our current race-based preference regime, which Nieli analyses with a penetrating gaze and an eye for cant that will leave few unmoved.
📒Economic Sociology A Systematic Inquiry ✍ CTI Reviews
📝Economic Sociology A Systematic Inquiry Book Synopsis : Facts101 is your complete guide to Economic Sociology , A Systematic Inquiry. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
📒The Radical Reformission ✍ Mark Driscoll
📝The Radical Reformission Book Synopsis : Reformation is the continual reforming of the mission of the church to enhance God’s command to reach out to others in a way that acknowledges the unique times and locations of daily life. This engaging book blends the integrity of respected theoreticians with the witty and practical insights of a pastor. It calls for a movement of missionaries to seek the lost across the street as well as across the globe.This basic primer on the interface between gospel and culture highlights the contrast between presentation evangelism and participation evangelism. It helps Christians navigate between the twin pitfalls of syncretism (being so culturally irrelevant that you lose your message) and sectarianism (being so culturally irrelevant that you lose your mission). Included are interviews with those who have crossed cultural barriers, such as a television producer, exotic dancer, tattoo studio owner, and band manager. The appendix represents eight portals into the future: population, family, health/medicine, creating, learning, sexuality, and religion.Mark Driscoll was recently featured on the ABC special The Changing of Worship.
📒Soldiers To Citizens ✍ Suzanne Mettler
📝Soldiers to Citizens Book Synopsis : "A hell of a gift, an opportunity." "Magnanimous." "One of the greatest advantages I ever experienced." These are the voices of World War II veterans, lavishing praise on their beloved G.I. Bill. Transcending boundaries of class and race, the Bill enabled a sizable portion of the hallowed "greatest generation" to gain vocational training or to attend college or graduate school at government expense. Its beneficiaries had grown up during the Depression, living in tenements and cold-water flats, on farms and in small towns across the nation, most of them expecting that they would one day work in the same kinds of jobs as their fathers. Then the G.I. Bill came along, and changed everything. They experienced its provisions as inclusive, fair, and tremendously effective in providing the deeply held American value of social opportunity, the chance to improve one's circumstances. They become chefs and custom builders, teachers and electricians, engineers and college professors. But the G.I. Bill fueled not only the development of the middle class: it also revitalized American democracy. Americans who came of age during World War II joined fraternal groups and neighborhood and community organizations and took part in politics at rates that made the postwar era the twentieth century's civic "golden age." Drawing on extensive interviews and surveys with hundreds of members of the "greatest generation," Suzanne Mettler finds that by treating veterans as first-class citizens and in granting advanced education, the Bill inspired them to become the active participants thanks to whom memberships in civic organizations soared and levels of political activity peaked. Mettler probes how this landmark law produced such a civic renaissance. Most fundamentally, she discovers, it communicated to veterans that government was for and about people like them, and they responded in turn. In our current age of rising inequality and declining civic engagement, Soldiers to Citizens offers critical lessons about how public programs can make a difference.
📒Disconnected ✍ Andrew Leigh
📝Disconnected Book Synopsis : A forensic examination of Australian life, this insightful book suggests that contemporary society has lost touch with its communities and its people. Written from an economist's perspective and based on organizational membership records and surveys, it presents the reasons why the social fabric has begun to fray and outlines the necessary steps to create a better civic and personal life. Distilling various aspects of Australian routine--including religion, sport, and employment--this book reveals what is being lost and how to get it back.