📒Being Jazz ✍ Jazz Jennings

♠Book Title : Being Jazz
✍Author : Jazz Jennings
♛Publisher : Ember
♣Release Date : 2016-06-07
✿Pages : 272
♠ISBN : 9780399554667
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Being Jazz Book Synopsis : Teen advocate and trailblazer Jazz Jennings—named one of “The 25 Most Influential Teens” of the year by Time—shares her very public transgender journey, as she inspires people to accept the differences in others while they embrace their own truths. “[Jazz’s] touching book serves as a rallying cry for understanding and acceptance.”—Bustle Jazz Jennings is one of the youngest and most prominent voices in the national discussion about gender identity. At the age of five, Jazz transitioned to life as a girl, with the support of her parents. A year later, her parents allowed her to share her incredible journey in her first Barbara Walters interview, aired at a time when the public was much less knowledgeable or accepting of the transgender community. This groundbreaking interview was followed over the years by other high-profile interviews, a documentary, the launch of her YouTube channel, a picture book, and her own reality TV series—I Am Jazz—making her one of the most recognizable activists for transgender teens, children, and adults. In her remarkable memoir, Jazz reflects on these very public experiences and how they have helped shape the mainstream attitude toward the transgender community. But it hasn’t all been easy. Jazz has faced many challenges, bullying, discrimination, and rejection, yet she perseveres as she educates others about her life as a transgender teen. Through it all, her family has been beside her on this journey, standing together against those who don't understand the true meaning of tolerance and unconditional love. Now Jazz must learn to navigate the physical, social, and emotional upheavals of adolescence—particularly high school—complicated by the unique challenges of being a transgender teen. Making the journey from girl to woman is never easy—especially when you began your life in a boy’s body. PRAISE FOR JAZZ JENNINGS: “Jazz is one of the transgender community's most important activists.” —Cosmopolitan “A role model for teens everywhere.” —Seventeen.com “Wise beyond her years.” —Teen Vogue

♠Book Title : The Complications of Being Jazz
✍Author : J a Nicholls
♛Publisher : J.A. Nicholls
♣Release Date : 2013-12-12
✿Pages : 276
♠ISBN : 0992025001
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝The Complications of Being Jazz Book Synopsis : What if meeting one's soul mate is not just a hopeful romantic notion but part of the divine plan to save our immortal souls? This is the dilemma facing Jazz Delahunt when Mitch Davidson walks up the beach and into her life. Jazz knows instantly that Mitch is her soul mate, but is he really? Mitch is hauling serious baggage and Jazz herself isn't exactly footloose and fancy free. Indications are this is going to be one crowded relationship. But Jazz doesn't know the half of it. A soul named Sene claims that Mitch is the reincarnation of Joshua, her lover from a previous life. She wants Joshua back - and is now using Jazz to do it.

♠Book Title : A New Objective Pro Objectivity Normative Theory
✍Author : Frederick Farrand
♛Publisher : University Press of America
♣Release Date : 2010-10-29
✿Pages : 202
♠ISBN : 9780761852865
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝A New Objective Pro Objectivity Normative Theory Book Synopsis : This book tries to solve fundamental normative moral, social, political, educational, legal, etc. problems. It defends a uniquely evidence-based, objective theory. Part I mainly explains and defends the theory's foundation and general guidelines. Part II discusses specific practical applications at length.

♠Book Title : Life Lessons from the Horn
✍Author : Sam Newsome
♛Publisher : BookBaby
♣Release Date : 2015-09-01
✿Pages : 130
♠ISBN : 9781682220931
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Life Lessons from the Horn Book Synopsis : Life Lessons from the Horn is collection of compelling essays revealing saxophonist Sam Newsome’s unique insights as an artist, educator, and jazz musician of the 21st Century. Mr. Newsome, who teaches jazz studies at LIU Brooklyn, brings to each chapter, decades of experience of as an important figure on the New York jazz scene as well as his numerous years as educator in the classroom. Mr. Newsome teamed up with acclaimed jazz writer Howard Mandel to turn what he describes as "rough cuts" from his blog, into "book-worthy" set of reads. Jazz writer Kevin Whitehead describes Life Lessons from the Horn as a book "that’ll make you a better musician (and maybe even a better person)." If you are young musician serious about jazz, or if you're a seasoned professional looking for inspiration thoughts, this book has a little bit for everybody. "I wish that I had this book when I was much younger, as I’d probably be further along in my studies by now!" says Ethan Iverson, pianist and composer and writer of the blog Do the Math.

📒Cultural Codes ✍ Bill Banfield

♠Book Title : Cultural Codes
✍Author : Bill Banfield
♛Publisher : Scarecrow Press
♣Release Date : 2009-12-10
✿Pages : 254
♠ISBN : 0810872870
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Cultural Codes Book Synopsis : No art can survive without an understanding of, and dedication to, the values envisioned by its creators. No culture over time has existed without a belief system to sustain its survival. Black music is no different. In Cultural Codes: Makings of a Black Music Philosophy, William C. Banfield engages the reader in a conversation about the aesthetics and meanings that inform this critical component of our social consciousness. By providing a focused examination of the historical development of Black music artistry, Banfield formulates a useable philosophy tied to how such music is made, shaped, and functions. In so doing, he explores Black music culture from three angles: history, education, and the creative work of the musicians who have moved the art forward. In addition to tracing Black music from its African roots to its various contemporary expressions, including jazz, soul, R&B, funk, and hip hop, Banfield profiles some of the most important musicians over the last century: W.C. Handy, Scott Joplin, Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Mary Lou Williams, John Coltrane, James Brown, Jimi Hendrix, and Stevie Wonder, among others. Cultural Codes provides an educational and philosophical framework for students and scholars interested in the traditions, the development, the innovators, and the relevance of Black music.

📒Mind Of Her Own ✍ Diana Lesire Brandmeyer

♠Book Title : Mind of Her Own
✍Author : Diana Lesire Brandmeyer
♛Publisher : Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.
♣Release Date : 2012-11-30
✿Pages : 352
♠ISBN : 9781414381022
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Mind of Her Own Book Synopsis : Who knew making dinner could change your life? Louisa Copeland certainly didn’t. But when the George Foreman grill falls out of the pantry onto her head, resulting in a bump and a mighty case of amnesia, Louisa’s life takes a turn for the unexpected. Who is this Collin fellow, claiming she is his wife? And whose kids are those? Her name can’t be Louisa. Why, she is the renowned romance writer Jazz Sweet, not a Midwestern mom of three. Struggling to put the pieces together of the life she’s told she had, Louisa/Jazz may realize that some memories are better left alone.

📒Through These Eyes ✍ Suzee Marincic

♠Book Title : Through These Eyes
✍Author : Suzee Marincic
♛Publisher : AuthorHouse
♣Release Date : 2008-04-28
✿Pages : 268
♠ISBN : 146783999X
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Through These Eyes Book Synopsis : Through These Eyes is a collection of work from a traveler of life. During our days we all must travel and journey through an assortment of phases and stages until we inevitably come upon the path of growing into our true inner self. This book is the first process of that development, the first stage of that growing and discovering. It begins with a young girl, who takes on life while being guided by senses and embarks on her inner growth of Light while writing along the way to help express herself through life lessons. Motherhood found her at an early age and that birth gave her a re-birth with life and inspiration to write Through These Eyes, with hopes to help guide her son and introduce herself to him not only as his mother but as an everyday soul and in this first step begin to define a new meaning of what living is. This book of chronicles shows the humans way of traveling through, pain, tears, confusion, wondering, succeeding, smiling and simply...living. It introduces a real soul with real raw emotions with no holding back on her universal struggles to reach her full growth and altogether when it’s all said and done it comes down to holding Light and Hope for this world.

📒Saying Something ✍ Ingrid Monson

♠Book Title : Saying Something
✍Author : Ingrid Monson
♛Publisher : University of Chicago Press
♣Release Date : 2009-02-15
✿Pages : 261
♠ISBN : 0226534790
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Saying Something Book Synopsis : This fresh look at the neglected rhythm section in jazz ensembles shows that the improvisational interplay among drums, bass, and piano is just as innovative, complex, and spontaneous as the solo. Ingrid Monson juxtaposes musicians' talk and musical examples to ask how musicians go about "saying something" through music in a way that articulates identity, politics, and race. Through interviews with Jaki Byard, Richard Davis, Sir Roland Hanna, Billy Higgins, Cecil McBee, and others, she develops a perspective on jazz improvisation that has "interactiveness" at its core, in the creation of music through improvisational interaction, in the shaping of social communities and networks through music, and in the development of cultural meanings and ideologies that inform the interpretation of jazz in twentieth-century American cultural life. Replete with original musical transcriptions, this broad view of jazz improvisation and its emotional and cultural power will have a wide audience among jazz fans, ethnomusicologists, and anthropologists.

📒Jazz In American Culture ✍ Peter Townsend

♠Book Title : Jazz in American Culture
✍Author : Peter Townsend
♛Publisher : Univ. Press of Mississippi
♣Release Date : 2000
✿Pages : 193
♠ISBN : 1578063248
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Jazz in American Culture Book Synopsis : The family of musical styles known as jazz came into being around 1900 as several popular black musical idioms coalesced. This free-flowing, spontaneous music based in improvisation emerged primarily from ragtime and the blues. But jazz did not remain solely in the domain of American music, for very quickly it swept through virtually all of the national culture as fiction, poetry, film, photography, painting, and classical music came under its spell. If it's art that expresses a nation's essence best, then jazz set America's tempo and afforded an artistic pattern for modernism. In this book for the nonspecialist Peter Townsend shows how during an entire century jazz has appeared in a wide diversity of times and places and in many different cultural settings. He reveals how jazz surfaced early in America's movies (The Jazz Singer, Strike Up the Band, Orchestra Wives, Blues in the Night) and how it became an aesthetic model serious composers (George Gershwin, Aaron Copland) did not miss. Jazz has punctuated literary fiction (Ralph Ellison, Eudora Welty, James Baldwin, John Clellon Holmes, Jack Kerouac, Toni Morrison) and American poetry (William Carlos Williams, Carl Sandburg, Langston Hughes, Percy Johnson). Jazz influenced painting (Jackson Pollock, Romare Bearden, Stuart Davis, Archibald Motley, and Jimmy Ernst), and several photographers have devoted their careers to documenting jazz performers and their music scene (William Claxton, William Gottlieb, Roy De Carava, Carol Reiff). Townsend probes the deep-rooted mythology that holds jazz as indefinable, unteachable, and instinctive with blacks but tough for whites and that its birthplace was New Orleans brothels, that its musicians live tragic lives, and that jazz is dominated by males and despises whiffs of the mainstream. As modernism swayed to the tempos of jazz and adapted to its modes, the once clearly defined lines of demarcation faded and jazz became well established as one of the great musical cultures of the world. Peter Townsend is a senior lecturer in the School of Music and Humanities at the University of Huddersfield in England. Copublished with Edinburgh University Press For sale in the U.S.A., Canada, and U.S. dependencies only

📒Sounds French ✍ Jonathyne Briggs

♠Book Title : Sounds French
✍Author : Jonathyne Briggs
♛Publisher : Oxford University Press
♣Release Date : 2015-03-02
✿Pages : 248
♠ISBN : 9780190266646
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Sounds French Book Synopsis : Sounds French examines the history of popular music in France between the arrival of rock and roll in 1958 and the collapse of the first wave of punk in 1980, and the connections between musical genres and concepts of community in French society. During this period, scholars have tended to view the social upheavals associated with postwar reconstruction as part of debates concerning national identity in French culture and politics, a tendency that developed from political figures' and intellectuals' concerns with French national identity. In this book, author Jonathyne Briggs reorients the scholarship away from an exclusive focus on national identity and instead towards an investigation of other identities that develop as a result of the increased globalization of culture. Popular music, at once individual and communal, fixed and plastic, offers an illuminating window into such transformations in social structures through the ways in which musicians, musical consumers, and critical intermediaries re-imagined themselves as part of novel cultural communities, whether local, national, or supranational in nature. Briggs argues that national identity was but one of a panoply of identities in flux during the postwar period in France, demonstrating that the development of hybridized forms of popular music provided the French with a method for expressing and understanding that flux. Drawing upon an array of printed and aural sources, including music publications, sound recordings, record sleeves, biographies, and cultural criticism, Sounds French is an essential new look at popular music in postwar France.

♠Book Title : Elements of the Jazz Language for the Developing Improvisor
✍Author : Jerry Coker
♛Publisher : Alfred Music Publishing
♣Release Date : 1991
✿Pages : 142
♠ISBN : 157623875X
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Elements of the Jazz Language for the Developing Improvisor Book Synopsis : A comprehensive book on jazz analysis and improvisation. Elements used in jazz improvisation are isolated for study: they are examined in recorded solos, suggestions are made for using each element in the jazz language, and specific exercises are provided for practicing the element.

📒Pierre Bourdieu ✍ Nicholas Brown

♠Book Title : Pierre Bourdieu
✍Author : Nicholas Brown
♛Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
♣Release Date : 2000-01-19
✿Pages : 256
♠ISBN : 9781461640882
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Pierre Bourdieu Book Synopsis : The work of Pierre Bourdieu, one of the most influential French intellectuals of the twentieth century, has had an enormous impact on research in fields as diverse as aesthetics, education, anthropology, and sociology. Pierre Bourdieu: Fieldwork in Art, Literature, and Culture is the first collection of essays to focus specifically on the contribution of Bourdieu's thought to the study of cultural production. Though Bourdieu's own work has illuminated diverse cultural phenomena, the essays in this volume extend to new cultural forms and to national situations outside France. Far from simply applying Bourdieu's concepts and theoretical tools to these new contexts, the essays in this volume consider both the possibility and limits of Bourdieu's sociology for the study of culture.

📒Being Prez ✍ Dave Gelly

♠Book Title : Being Prez
✍Author : Dave Gelly
♛Publisher : Oxford University Press
♣Release Date : 2007-10-18
✿Pages : 192
♠ISBN : 9780190450496
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Being Prez Book Synopsis : Lester Young was one of the great jazz masters, and his impact on the course of the art form was profound. He fundamentally changed the way the saxophone was played--his long, flowing lines brought new levels of expressiveness and subtlety to the jazz language, setting the standard for all modern players. In Being Prez, renowned British critic Dave Gelly follows Lester Young through his life in a rapidly changing world, showing how the music of this exceptionally sensitive man was shaped by his experiences. The reader meets a complicated, vulnerable, gentle individual who was brought up in his father's traveling carnival band. His early career was spent in the nightclubs and dancehalls of Kansas City and the Southwest, and he made his landmark recording debut at the peak of the Swing Era. But at the height of his powers, he was drafted into the US Army, where racism and his own unworldliness landed him in military prison. Following these events, Young grew increasingly withdrawn and suspicious, changes in his character reflected in the darkening mood of his music. Gelly, himself a jazz saxophonist, examines many of Young's classic recordings in illuminating detail. He reveals how as a saxophonist--and as major contributor to the Count Basie band--Young created a strong personal voice, a cool modernism, and a new rhythmic flexibility in the freely dancing rhythms of 4-beat swing. With his sax jutting oddly to one side, his bizarre oblique use of language, and his unique musical rapport with Billie Holiday (who famously nicknamed him "Prez"), Lester Young has become an icon and a cult figure. This marvelous biography illuminates the life and work of this giant of jazz.

📒Jazz ✍ James Lincoln Collier

♠Book Title : Jazz
✍Author : James Lincoln Collier
♛Publisher : Oxford University Press
♣Release Date : 1995-07-13
✿Pages :
♠ISBN : 0195357221
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Jazz Book Synopsis : Praised by the Washington Post as a "tough, unblinkered critic," James Lincoln Collier is probably the most controversial writer on jazz today. His acclaimed biographies of Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and Benny Goodman continue to spark debate in jazz circles, and his iconoclastic articles on jazz over the past 30 years have attracted even more attention. With the publication of Jazz: The American Theme Song, Collier does nothing to soften his reputation for hard-hitting, incisive commentary. Questioning everything we think we know about jazz--its origins, its innovative geniuses, the importance of improvisation and spontaneous inspiration in a performance--and the jazz world, these ten provocative essays on the music and its place in American culture overturn tired assumptions and will alternately enrage, enlighten, and entertain. Jazz: The American Theme Song offers music lovers razor-sharp analysis of musical trends and styles, and fearless explorations of the most potentially explosive issues in jazz today. In "Black, White, and Blue," Collier traces African and European influences on the evolution of jazz in a free-ranging discussion that takes him from the French colony of Saint Domingue (now Haiti) to the orderly classrooms where most music students study jazz today. He argues that although jazz was originally devised by blacks from black folk music, jazz has long been a part of the cultural heritage of musicians and audiences of all races and classes, and is not black music per se. In another essay, Collier provides a penetrating analysis of the evolution of jazz criticism, and casts a skeptical eye on the credibility of the emerging "jazz canon" of critical writing and popular history. "The problem is that even the best jazz scholars keep reverting to the fan mentality, suddenly bursting out of the confines of rigorous analysis into sentimental encomiums in which Hot Lips Smithers is presented as some combination of Santa Claus and the Virgin Mary," he maintains. "It is a simple truth that there are thousands of high school music students around the country who know more music theory than our leading jazz critics." Other, less inflammatory but no less intriguing, essays include explorations of jazz as an intrinsic and fundamental source of inspiration for American dance music, rock, and pop; the influence of show business on jazz, and vice versa; and the link between the rise of the jazz soloist and the new emphasis on individuality in the 1920s. Impeccably researched and informed by Collier's wide-ranging intellect, Jazz: The American Theme Song is an important look at jazz's past, its present, and its uncertain future. It is a book everyone who cares about the music will want to read.

📒On Being Moved ✍ Stein Bråten

♠Book Title : On Being Moved
✍Author : Stein Bråten
♛Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
♣Release Date : 2007-01-01
✿Pages : 333
♠ISBN : 9027252041
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝On Being Moved Book Synopsis : In this collective volume the origins, neurosocial support, and therapeutic implications of (pre)verbal intersubjectivity are examined with a focus on implications of the discovery of mirror neurons. Entailing a paradigmatic revolution in the intersection of developmental, social and neural sciences, two radical turnabouts are entailed. First, no longer can be upheld as valid Cartesian and Leibnizian assumptions about monadic subjects with disembodied minds without windows to each other except as mediated by culture. Supported by a mirror system, specified in this volume by some of the discoverers, modes of participant perception have now been identified which entail embodied simulation and co-movements with others in felt immediacy. Second, no longer can be retained the Piagetian attribution of infant egocentricity. Pioneers who have broken new research grounds in the study of newborns, protoconversation, and early speech perception document in the present volume infant capacity for interpersonal communion, empathic identification, and learning by altercentric participation. Pertinent new findings and results are presented on these topics: (i) Origins and multiple layers of intersubjectivity and empathy (ii) Neurosocial support of (pre)verbal intersubjectivity, participant perception, and simulation of mind (iii) From preverbal sharing and early speech perception to meaning acquisition and verbal intersubjectivity (iv) New windows on other-centred movements and moments of meeting in therapy and intervention. (Series B)

📒 ✍ Джоди Пиколт

♠Book Title :
✍Author : Джоди Пиколт
♛Publisher : Family Leisure Club
♣Release Date :
✿Pages : 528
♠ISBN : 9789661467162
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝 Book Synopsis : Сейдж — одинокая нелюдимая девушка, ее единственный друг — пожилой учитель Джозеф Вебер. Однажды Джозеф просит девушку… убить его! Он открывает ей чудовищную тайну — в молодости он служил в войсках СС. Бабушка Сейдж, Минка, прошла через ужасы Освенцима. Она тайком собирала фотографии узников, а на оборотах записывала свой роман. Выжила она лишь благодаря тому, что немецкий офицер захотел узнать его продолжение…

♠Book Title : Jazz Dance Styles and Steps for Fun
✍Author : Helene Andreu
♛Publisher : AuthorHouse
♣Release Date : 2011-09-12
✿Pages : 264
♠ISBN : 9781463427665
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Jazz Dance Styles and Steps for Fun Book Synopsis : This book is a "must have" for dance lovers, with routines in nine different jazz styles. In JAZZ DANCE STYLES AND STEPS FOR FUN, all the steps are choreographed to suit the particular jazz style of that chapter. By the time you complete the book you'll understand the growth of American jazz dance and the various influences on its development. A finalist in ForeWord Magazine's Book of the Year Awards, 2003. 5-STAR review, "an excellent and thoroughly 'user friendly' self-help resource" — Midwest Book Review. 5-STAR review, "healthy avenue for fun and exercise through excellent workouts in jazz" — ForeWordreviews.com.

📒Representing Jazz ✍ Krin Gabbard

♠Book Title : Representing Jazz
✍Author : Krin Gabbard
♛Publisher : Duke University Press
♣Release Date : 1995-01-01
✿Pages : 320
♠ISBN : 0822315947
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Representing Jazz Book Synopsis : Traditional jazz studies have tended to see jazz in purely musical terms, as a series of changes in rhythm, tonality, and harmony, or as a parade of great players. But jazz has also entered the cultural mix through its significant impact on novelists, filmmakers, dancers, painters, biographers, and photographers. Representing Jazz explores the "other" history of jazz created by these artists, a history that tells us as much about the meaning of the music as do the many books that narrate the lives of musicians or describe their recordings. Krin Gabbard has gathered essays by distinguished writers from a variety of fields. They provide engaging analyses of films such as Round Midnight, Bird, Mo’ Better Blues, Cabin in the Sky, and Jammin’ the Blues; the writings of Eudora Welty and Dorothy Baker; the careers of the great lindy hoppers of the 1930s and 1940s; Mura Dehn’s extraordinary documentary on jazz dance; the jazz photography of William Claxton; painters of the New York School; the traditions of jazz autobiography; and the art of "vocalese." The contributors to this volume assess the influence of extramusical sources on our knowledge of jazz and suggest that the living contexts of the music must be considered if a more sophisticated jazz scholarship is ever to evolve. Transcending the familiar patterns of jazz history and criticism, Representing Jazz looks at how the music actually has been heard and felt at different levels of American culture. With its companion anthology, Jazz Among the Discourses, this volume will enrich and transform the literature of jazz studies. Its provocative essays will interest both aficionados and potential jazz fans. Contributors. Karen Backstein, Leland H. Chambers, Robert P. Crease, Krin Gabbard, Frederick Garber, Barry K. Grant, Mona Hadler, Christopher Harlos, Michael Jarrett, Adam Knee, Arthur Knight, James Naremore

📒Jazz Noir ✍ David Butler

♠Book Title : Jazz Noir
✍Author : David Butler
♛Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
♣Release Date : 2002-01-01
✿Pages : 227
♠ISBN : 0275973018
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Jazz Noir Book Synopsis : Explores the strange and commonly misunderstood relationship between jazz music and the film noir genre.

♠Book Title : A Short History of Jazz
✍Author :
♛Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
♣Release Date : 1993
✿Pages : 318
♠ISBN : 0830415955
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝A Short History of Jazz Book Synopsis :

📒Subcultures ✍ Ken Gelder

♠Book Title : Subcultures
✍Author : Ken Gelder
♛Publisher : Routledge
♣Release Date : 2007-01-24
✿Pages : 208
♠ISBN : 9781134181278
♬Available Language : English, Spanish, And French


📝Subcultures Book Synopsis : This book presents a cultural history of subcultures, covering a remarkable range of subcultural forms and practices. It begins with London’s ‘Elizabethan underworld’, taking the rogue and vagabond as subcultural prototypes: the basis for Marx’s later view of subcultures as the lumpenproletariat, and Henry Mayhew’s view of subcultures as ‘those that will not work’. Subcultures are always in some way non-conforming or dissenting. They are social - with their own shared conventions, values, rituals, and so on – but they can also seem ‘immersed’ or self-absorbed. This book identifies six key ways in which subcultures have generally been understood: through their often negative relation to work: idle, parasitical, hedonistic, criminal their negative or ambivalent relation to class their association with territory - the ‘street’, the ‘hood’, the club - rather than property their movement away from home into non-domestic forms of ‘belonging’ their ties to excess and exaggeration (as opposed to restraint and moderation) their refusal of the banalities of ordinary life and in particular, of massification. Subcultures looks at the way these features find expression across many different subcultural groups: from the Ranters to the riot grrrls, from taxi dancers to drag queens and kings, from bebop to hip hop, from dandies to punk, from hobos to leatherfolk, and from hippies and bohemians to digital pirates and virtual communities. It argues that subcultural identity is primarily a matter of narrative and narration, which means that its focus is literary as well as sociological. It also argues for the idea of a subcultural geography: that subcultures inhabit places in particular ways, their investment in them being as much imaginary as real and, in some cases, strikingly utopian.